Recommended Equipment and Sources
This section of the book should be helpful to most readers including those who have the booklet 10 Packs for Survival. Finding the right products and resources to build a home is often difficult, so we have listed here some of the most unique and valuable resources we have come across over the years that pertain to the Secure Home. we have not included many conventional products that are easily available for building but rather have concentrated on those less conventional items that we have commented on in the text. we concentrate on products that we have personally used or, when they are no longer available, similar looking products, but there are many items that we have not had personal experience with and although we have attempted to judge these within the limitations of written claims, you should use your own judgment when evaluating their suitability to your needs. We make no guarantees about the performance or reliability of these products or services. Surely, there are other similar products to the ones we have mentioned that may be valuable and yet unknown to us. Because they are not mentioned does not mean that they are not acceptable. If they follow the general criteria given, feel free to consider them. If we have time, we can try to check out a product of interest to you, if you will provide us some relevant sources or descriptive information. Any feedback you have, negative or positive, about any of these products will be appreciated. Note: Some links on the website version are affiliated links to help you find things on Amazon.com.
In most cases we Internet website URL (URL means a Universal Resource Locator or Internet address, usually preceded by a www). Going to a company website will allow you to view the product and read important information. This will save you much time and effort. If you find errors here or see web addresses that do not function, please inform Joel by email: joel [at] joelskousen [dot] com. We write email address like the foregoing because this listing is also online and we want to deter email crawlers from automatically putting our email on spam lists.
Here is a list of recommended suppliers who are frequently referenced in the product reviews who may service or sell items mentioned in this list. To save space we will only mention their name as a source instead of giving out their address and telephone numbers each time they are mentioned. Check here for contact information if it isn't listed in the body of the list.
ABRAHAM SOLAR EQUIPMENT—Mick Abraham is my top recommended consultant for all your solar and alternate energy products. Mick has low prices and he knows all the equipment personally, including how to install it. If you are in states close to Colorado, he also may be able to install. Tel: Order line (800) 222-7242; Consultation (970) 731-4675; email: (mick [at] abrahamsolar [dot] com); address: 124 Creekside Place, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147. URL: www.abrahamsolar.com
Do-It-Yourself SOLAR AND Energy Systems—Gary Reysa of Bozeman, Montana maintains a great website resource for alternate energy enthusiasts. If it can be built by amateur’s Gary will know about it. Nothing sold on this site just helpful tips and lists of sources and materials. URL: http://www.builditsolar.com
THE NATURAL HOME SOURCE—These designers and builders have the most experience in heat mass - passive solar homes. Their system is applicable to most areas of the country, but especially the West. We don't agree with all their techniques or their pricing commissions, but you can learn a lot from their information and implement what you want on your own. They cover waste treatment systems, earth sheltered homes and buildings, solar air heating systems, composting system components, indoor gardening and attached greenhouses. Silverthorne, CO URL: http://www.thenaturalhome.com/
EMERGENCY ESSENTIALS—Largest of the Utah-based full service preparedness products stores. 653 N 1500 W, Orem, UT. 84057 Tel: (801) 222-9596. URL: www.beprepared.com Email: sales [at] beprepared [dot] com
MAJOR SURPLUS AND SURVIVAL—Biggest of the California survival food and products stores. 435 W. Alondra Blvd.; Gardena, CA 90248. Tel: (800) 441-8855 or (310) 324-8855 URL: http://www.majorsurplus.com/
NITRO-PAK—Carries a full line of survival foods and products. 375 W. 910 S., Heber City, UT 84032. Tel: (800) 866-4876. URL: http://www.nitro-pak.com/
WALTON FEED—Largest of the survival food suppliers. 135 North 10th (PO Box 307) Montpelier ID 83254. Tel: (800) 847-0465. URL: http://rainydayfoods.com/
LEHMAN’S CATALOG—The largest of the self-sufficient/back-to-the-land suppliers. 289 Kurzen Road North Dalton, Ohio 44618. Tel: (877) 438-5346 Email: (info[at]lehmans[dot]com) URL: www.lehmans.com
AMATEUR ELECTRONIC SUPPLY (AES)—Biggest of the mail order ham radio and antenna stores. Order their catalog: (800) 5580411. URL: http://www.aesham.com/
HAM RADIO OUTLET—Major competitor to AES with outlets in some major cities. Tel: (800) 444-4799. URL: www.hamradio.com
RADIO SHACK—Nationwide electronics parts, radios, telephones and security systems. URL: www.radioshack.com
WW GRAINGER—Nationwide wholesalers of almost every type of equipment. You must have some type of business in order to establish a wholesale account with them, but it is worth it. Check their website for the nearest warehouse. URL: www.grainger.com
NORTHERN TOOL AND EQUIPMENT—Big discount mail-order catalog company for generators, major tools and equipment. Tel: (800) 221-0516 URL: http://www.northerntool.com
Andair (or LUWA) VA-150—Swiss nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) filter. High quality but super expensive (about $7,000, thus not recommended). Note: This filter mounts inside the shelter so we recommend installing a prefilter over the outside air inlet so radioactive particles are kept out. Available through Utah Shelter Systems: http://utahsheltersystems.com
Safe Cell—There are two models of this filter system that is similar in design to the Andair, but less costly. The 60 CFM model is $4200, and the 120 CFM model is $6,600. American Safe Room sells them. See this comparison of the big boys: http://www.americansaferoom.com/nbc-air-filter/nbc-filter-systems-compared/
HDT Global—Makes NBC filters for the military. For small shelters, we recommend the M48A1 for up to 100 cfm of air flow. It is circular and is perfect for placing over inlet pipes to the shelter. The much larger M98 filter works for whole house or large shelter air supplies. It costs about $2,500 so it is considerably cheaper than the LUWA system. Like all canister shaped filters you have to use silicone adhesive to attach these round cylinders to a flat surface where you air intake pipe exits the shelter (in a hidden cabinet or other location). You complete the installation by gluing a thin plywood cover over the top of the filter opening to force incoming air to pass through the filter medium. URL: M48: http://www.hdtglobal.com/product/m48a1-gasparticulate-filter/ and M98: http://www.hdtglobal.com/product/m98-particulategas-filter-set-2/
Honeywell CPZ filters—For a cheaper, non-military-grade option, we recommend using a round Honeywell CPZ filter (part # 36200) that will nest within a Honeywell HEPA filter (# 28600) for an excellent quality dual filter for about $250. These can be purchased as replacement parts from http://www.ontimedirect.com (wholesaler for Honeywell). Just type in the part number into the search box. Be sure to purchase the carbon prefilter (part # 38002). When wrapped around the HEPA filter, it makes sure your HEPA filter doesn’t get clogged by heavy dust in the air.
CO2 Monitor—Sensor and alarm if carbon dioxide from occupant breathing gets too high. Elevated CO2 will cause you to lose consciousness before you run out of oxygen. This is only a problem if you are in a small shelter without ventilation. Extech makes moderate priced models, sold by Www.Grainger.com
12 Volt Fans—The Best all-around 12 volt ventilation fan for shelter us are the DAYTON brand 12 volt fan from WW Grainger Stock # 2C646. -About $75, 175 CFM and fairly quiet. What makes these fans convenient is their 3” flange which allows you to easily attach it to the vent pipe shown in the shelter designs. The 12 volt fan draws air from you HEPA or CBR filter and is only turned on under shelter conditions. For normal unfiltered ventilation, use the 115 volt fan version, Item # 2C647 which is brushless and doesn’t wear out as fast as the 12v DC fan. Www.grainger.com
CANNERS—All American brand makes the best pressure canners. http://www.allamericancanner.com/All-American-Pressure-Canners.htm For non pressurized canning we only recommend steam canners---not water bath canners. Steam is much faster. Back to Basics makes them, and sold at prepper stores and at amazon.com https://www.amazon.com/Back-Basics-Steam-Canner-400A/dp/B0000DDUCJ
UNIVERSAL PEELER—Apple, Potato Peeler (about $30, plus $12 for potato attachments) Available from Emergency Essentials, and Amazon.com.
NESCO AMERICAN HARVEST—Gardenmaster, round, stackable trays (used to be called, “Harvest Maid”) about $130. Available at many preparedness stores listed at the beginning. http://www.nesco.com/products/Dehydrators/Dehydrators/FD-1010/
EXCALIBUR—Top rated dehydrator with large, square trays for easier cleaning. Base model with a timer, about $300. Goes up to $900. Available from retail stores and Amazon.com. https://www.excaliburdehydrator.com/shop/tray-dehydrators/9-tray/9-tray-large-excalibur-with-26-hour-timer
HOME FOOD FREEZE DRIER. Freeze drying preserves more food value and can do much more than dehydrating. It requires a vacuum pump to work, and used to be an expensive commercial process. Now, this technology is finally available for the home preserver. They are expensive at $3-4,000, but worth it. https://harvestright.com/store/
Sun Frost—Efficient, quality fridges in 12 or 24 volt DC, or 110 or 220 volts AC. Prices: Full size ($3,500) uses less than 1kwh/day, Medium ($3,300) less than 0.75 kwh/day, Under counter units ($2,500 to $1,800) use less than 0.5kwh/day. P.O. Box 1101, Arcata, CA 95518 Tel: (707) 822-9095. URL: http://www.sunfrost.com
Norcold—Designed for RVs, these will operate on propane, DC or AC power. Insulation is thin and needs electric power for lights and thermostat even when running on gas. URL: www.norcold.com
Dometic RGE 400—A Swedish made (Servel) 8 cubic foot propane fridge. Very reliable, cost is about $1,500. Requires no electricity (D-battery required for light). Many RV suppliers and prepper stores like The Natural Home distribute this product. Caution: propane refrigerators use a lot of propane keeping their ammonia absorption cooling system hot https://www.thenaturalhome.com/servel400.php
Small Refrigerators—Mini fridges are low powered and efficient enough to run off a battery bank and inverter in the shelter. Most manufacturers make them. Perhaps the best overall is the Danby Designer DCR044A2 available at Walmart for about $170. It is using about .75amps per hour to run, or an equivalent 10amps in DC current from the battery counting inverter losses.
SunDanzer—Top-loading DC refrigerators and freezers, built for running directly off of your batter bank in the shelter. -Extremely quiet and well made, and use a fraction of the power of other refrigeration products, but expensive $600-$1000. All SunDanzer solar refrigerators run on 12 or 24V DC and are the best way to power a fridge in a shelter if you can afford it. They only use 1.5 -2amps per hour. http://www.solarpanelstore.com/solar-power/appliances/sundanzer.html
Nova Kool—DC and AC/DC small and medium refrigerators for marine, RV and truck use. Good, durable, units but lacking in thick insulation (because designed for small spaces). They only run 4-6amps in 12volt. Expensive: $1,200 to $2,000 depending on size. Available at many RV wholesalers. 1578 Hartley Avenue, Coquitlam, BC V3K 7A1 (Canada). Tel: (604) 523-6515. URL: http://www.novakool.com
DOMETIC builds a full line of 12/24volt DC refrigerators for RVs URL: www.dometic.com We don’t recommend propane fridges in small shelters since they run almost constantly and need a physical metal vent/chimney to the outdoors.
Koolatron—Portable 12v coolers use non-compressor technology (4 amp). Available at most outdoor stores. URL: http://www.koolatron.com
Igloo and Coleman—also have portable electric coolers or heaters. Place cooler on its side to operate like a small fridge. Available at outdoors stores or retailers like Amazon.com
GENERAL INFO: All modern washers use water and energy saving techniques that have dramatically changed the way we wash clothes. If you washer is over 10 years old, you need to upgrade to the modern, low water, high spinning machines. The average American family washes about 300 loads of laundry each year. Energy Star certified clothes washers use about 25% less energy and 45% less water than regular washers. They are available in front-load and top-load models. The new top-load models no longer require the tub to fill with water either to wash or spin. They clean using sophisticated wash systems to flip or spin clothes through a stream of water. Many have sensors to monitor the weight of the wash to automatically determine the water level and temperature. And they require less detergent. They also rinse clothes with repeated high-pressure spraying instead of soaking them in a full tub of water. They still use about 500 watts/hour to run.
STABER—This is an alternative energy washer that uses less than 200 watts-hours per load and thus are recommended for smaller solar/battery applications. It is one of the only drum type washers that loads from the top, through a door in the rotating drum, rather than through a door in the front. http://www.staber.com/ Price is about $1300 for the base model.
MANUAL HAND WASHING—Requires agitating the clothes in soapy water and then again in several rinse baths. Wringers help get more water out for faster drying. Look for metal basins at Lehmans, or IFA farm stores that you can both heat water with over a stove and wash with.
HAND AGITATORS—Some people just use toilet plungers with a hole or two in the side to help aerate/mix the water during agitation. The $48 RAPID WASHER is similar but is better at moving water through clothes. Buy at Lehman’s or www.getpreparedstuff.com
WASHBOARDS—Good for scrubbing stains out of clothes. Lehman’s has a glass board that is reported to be easier on clothes and doesn’t wear out as fast ($33).
WRINGERS—Quality on these matters. Lehman’s wringer reportedly doesn’t last long and rusts. Look for one that will also mount to curved edges (tubs, barrels, etc.). Dyna Jet has good hand-crank wringers http://www.dynajet.com Also look for chamois wringers ($160) at auto supply stores.
JAMES HAND WASHER—This is a single unit with a tub/hand agitator and wringer on the side. It is costly at over $750 and reviewers say it is not durable. Look for the old-fashioned hand washers at antique stores. You can buy the James style washer through Lehman's catalog.
DELUX CAMPING WASHER -This is a new design that I think is the best thing now on the market, though it’s not cheap. But when you have to do manual laundry this is the easiest way to do it. It as a specially designed rotary plastic drum that you fill with clothes, water, and detergent which you rotate by a large hand crank. The sturdy metal frame also has a hand crank wringer on it so you can wring out clothes as you pull them out of the wash drum. Delux Camping $1300 https://deluxecamping.com/collections/frontpage/products/deluxe-off-grid-laundry
LAUNDRY DETERGENT—You can make your own laundry soap by grating a bar of Fels-Naptha (brand) or Zote (brand) soap or three bars of handsoap (Ivory brand or homemade lye soap) into small shreds and mixing these with 4 cups Borax, 3 cups washing soda and 1 cup baking soda (all these are carried in most grocery stores and Walmart). Mix the powders together and add 1/8 or 1/4 cup to each load, as needed. The Zote and Fels-Naptha bars are good for pre-treating stains.
LYE—for homemade soap look for food grade sodium hydroxide (NaOH) crystals (here’s an example URL: http://www.essentialdepot.com/category/sodium-hydroxide-components.html) or look for 100% lye drain cleaners at your hardware stores. Roebic and Rooto brands have one product like this (in Canada look for Gillete’s lye).
One of our favorite online sources for all types of kitchen gadgets and appliances is Everything Kitchens, with competitive prices on wheat grinders and other countertop kitchen equipment. URL: https://www.everythingkitchens.com/
Country Living Grain Mill—The best of the manual steel burr wheat grinders, with V-groove wheel for quick and easy conversion to electric motor. http://pleasanthillgrain.com/motor-kit-for-clm-no-mill-con Steel burr wheels are the only type of mill that can do wet or oil things like nuts. Cast-iron flywheel for easy turning and smooth flow of flour. 30% less torque or energy required to turn than any comparable hand mill on the market. http://www.homestead-products.com/mills-countryliving.htm Does not grind flour as finely as electric grinders.
Wondermill—The best of the micronizer grinders. These only do fine flour, nothing else. http://pleasanthillgrain.com/wondermill-grain-mill-wonder-mill-flour-grinder Some people prefer the other top competitor, the Nutrimill: https://www.everythingkitchens.com/nutrimill.html Both about $220.
KO-MO stone grinder. The best of the synthetic stone grinders is from Germany, and marketed by the Pleasant Hill Grain company. They carry several models. Here is the Ko-Mo classic. http://pleasanthillgrain.com/
6 volt Golf Cart Batteries—Still the cheapest “semi-deep discharge’ option for small uses—golf cart batteries are 6 volt batteries with about 200 amp hours ($100-$150 each). Battery lifespan is 2 to 5 years depending on maintenance and temperature of storage. Available at most auto parts stores and some large retailers like Sam’s Club. Buy local because they are heavy to ship.
Trojan—L-16 and L-16 AGM batteries are either 6 or 12 volt, 200 amp-hour in both flooded and no-maintenance absorbed gas mat (AGM). -Decent lifespan up to 5 years. They weigh between 65 and 95 lbs. ABM are best for the modest set of batteries you need internal to the shelter because they do not outgas. http://www.trojanbattery.com/reliantagm/
Surrette or Rolls—Heavy-duty, 2volt and 6 volt, 2000 amp-hours, deep cycle batteries for big Solar Systems. These weigh about 200 lbs each and take 2 men to move. The big disadvantage of lead acid technology is that over time it takes more and more current to keep them float charged at peak voltage, and they require lots of distilled water to replace outgassed water from the acid bath. Also, they should not be discharged more than 50% before recharging. http://www.rollsbattery.com/catalog/
LITHIUM ION COBALT---(Li-Co) Same battery technology Tesla uses for their electric cars, but packaged for household solar systems: Tesla Power Wall 2—a 7kw battery pack costing about $5600 and claiming 14kw-hours. https://www.tesla.com/powerwall However, LI-Co batteries cannot be fully discharged without damage and they have complex electronic controls to prevent overheating and auto-combustion. The Tesla battery is warranted for 5,000 cycles. Not capable of high current output, except as ganged with many small units.
LITHIUM ION IRON ---(Li-Po) The latest and greatest battery technology for solar systems is a Lithium Ion battery but based on Iron Phosphate instead of Cobalt. It has the advantage of being much safer from overheating, and it can be fully discharged and recharged over 10k times. It is also suitable for high current protection, for starting vehicles and machinery.
Sonnen Batterie from Germany https://www.sonnen-batterie.com/en-us/start produces a 4kw battery pack unit that includes the inverter, and all charge management controls for $5900, close to the Tesla, but it yields more power and longevity than the nominally larger PowerWall-2 size (7kw). The new SonnenBatterie Eco Compact is sold in 4kw units that can be tied together up to 16kw as a single unit. However the Eco is only a grid tied battery system at this writing. To do off grid, you have to order the larger 10kw “Eco Protect.”
SimpliPhi batteries has a full range of sizes of Lithium-Ion/Iron Phosphate batteries that can be joined to any solar system, including retrofits for existing solar lead acid battery banks. No other battery maker that we could find does this. With Tesla and Sonnen, you have to buy the entire inverter/battery/control package. Not so with SimpliPhi. SimpliPhi can be used with Siemens Trace inverter systems and SMA—the two largest of the Solar inverter giants.
Kerosene — Ideal for lamps or stoves because it stores well. Note: do not add alcohol to make it burn hotter.
Stabil—OK Gasoline stabilizer found at Pep Boys and other auto parts stores.
PRI—PRI-D (for diesel) and PRI G (gasoline)—These are the best stabilizers for stored fuels but also the most expensive---although they treat a larger quantity. This additive can keep diesel fuel, kerosene and gasoline fresh in storage, but you must keep gasoline tightly capped and cool to keep it from losing vapor. Gasoline stored over 3 years, even with PRI-G should be mixed with fresh before using. Available from many distributors including www.yellowstonetrading.com
Octane Booster—Gives much better mileage on cars where timing is computer controlled (most modern cars) to create maximum compression just short of knocking. It can be found at auto parts stores but is cheapest at Wal-Mart. This additive also helps rejuvenate old gasoline (although you should always mix old with new if available), so keep several bottles near fuel storage. Also keep fuel injector cleaners on hand to eliminate residues from old fuel.
Diesel Biocide—Racor or Biobor JF brands. When condensation forms in part-full tanks the water drips into the diesel and settles to the bottom eventually accumulating enough to growing algae and other solid organic matter in the water. These products are a kind of pesticide or chemical treatment to kill or reduce these organisms. Available at marine supply and most automotive stores.
Fuel Tanks—Available in all major cities. Do an internet search in your local area to avoid high shipping costs. Or, check with local petroleum distributors who all deal in tanks.
Fuel Pumps—You need either manual, battery powered, or 110volt fuel pumps to extract your fuel from underground tanks. Always buy an inline fuel filter and connect to the inlet of you pump. Available from online stores such as Northern Tool http://www.northerntool.com .
Foot Valves—These are one way valves used at the bottom of a suction line that is used to withdraw fuel from an underground tank. They keep the fuel in the line from draining back into the tank---to avoid having to prime the pump each time you use it. These are available at petroleum equipment dealers or at large plumbing outlets. Here are some sample brands of foot valves: Simmons, Merrill, Wayne, Flotec, Flomatic and Brady (plastic). http://www.flomatic.com/valves/foot-valves/
General Notes—Because of shipping weight, the heavier generators are sometimes best purchased from local generator dealers. However, always compare price with one of the major mail-order generator supply houses below. W.W. Grainger and Northern Tool will supply a wide variety of the small to medium sized generator too.
GENERATORS DIRECT is your biggest online supplier for the Midwest, located in Illinois, and they have free shipping in the lower 48 states. http://www.electricgeneratorsdirect.com
Norwall Power Systems—For the best prices in the West, use Norwall. These people ship all over the world and are experts - very good prices, too. They don’t sell any junk, and service all major brands (so they know which ones are best for maintenance). Lake Havasu City, AZ 86403. Tel: (928) 453-4494. URL: http://norwall.com
Central Maine Diesel—For larger generators (7kW and up) this is the source we use for diesel generators, even though they are on the far east coast. Prices are very reasonable, but they are very busy and lead times and delays can be long. Hampden, ME 04444. Tel: (207) 941-1188. URL: http://www.generatorsales.com/
Mini Portable Units—Small, suitcase-size generators are available that produce less than 2000 watts, are super quiet and very fuel-efficient. They used to all be 1000watts or less but now most produce more power in the same 50 lb suitcase design. You’ll find them all at Electric Generators Direct: www.electricgeneratorsdirect.com/
Yamaha ef2000isv2—This is a the highest quality you can get and twice the fuel efficiency of the others. 1 gallon gives you 8 hours of run time. Very high quality 1kW suitcase generator and only 44 lbs. But it costs $990, double some other brands.
Honeywell 2000W generator for only about $650. Cheap, light, economical, but noisier and less reliable than brands below. 50 lbs weight.
GENERAC IX2000 Generac used to be cheap and low quality but no longer. This is a true 2000W suitcase generator for about $600. 50 lb weight.
Honda EU2000i—is a top quality generator and very quiet. At $1000 for 2000 watts, it’s the most costly for its size, but will last longer than the cheaper ones. 45 lbs.
All of these manufacturers, and others, have the typical wheel mounted portable generators with the integral tank and pull start, that are less than $600. Everyone ought to have one for general utility use and short time emergency backup. Anything between 2000 and 5000 watts is big enough to run a refrigerator and freezer. They aren’t meant for long term backup. Tere are two classes of generators here: the cheap group with flat-head, side valve, lawn mower type engines, and the more expensive group with longer life overhead cam and valve engines.
This size generator is selected for most moderate sized homes as the primary backup generator. These will give you a couple of 20amp circuits for emergency use. You’ll have to be careful not to overload these generators by plugging in too many appliances. Onan and Kohler are the high priced standards in the industry, but we generally find better deals with the following. With these generators meant for running full time, make sure you have a pressurized oil system. While we prefer diesel generators, you will have to deal with putting in a diesel fuel tank. If in a shed where you can use an elevated 500 gallon farm type tank where it can’t be seen, that’s the least expensive way. If you chose an underground tank and pump system for supply, that will be much more expensive. Thus, most homeowners pick natural gas or propane for this size of generator. Specify one with a switch operated triple fuel carburetor (NG, Propane, Gasoline) so if natural gas isn’t available you can switch to another fuel. To use propane for a backup, you must have a suitable 1000 gallon buried tank put in and filled before you need it.
Honda Deluxe Series—Honda is one of those companies with a high quality line and a medium quality line. The deluxe models usually have added features.
Generac EXL Series—Generac also has a high and low line. The XL or EXL lines have the pressurized oil system “vanguard” engine or the Honda engine.
Kubota AV Series—Excellent machines (Kubota always builds nice engines). See also Kubota Gensets Model GL6500—6.5kW about $4,500 from Kubota Tractor Dealers.
Manual and Auto Transfer Switches—Most generator manufacturers offer a wide variety of these transfer switches. Your transfer switch must be able to handle the entire house load even if you generator is smaller, because the switch itself carries the house load from the utility when power is on. If you have a utility service in excess of 200 amps, then you’ll pay more for the transfer switch than the generator. For larger power service (300 or 400amp, get a whole house generator because the automatic transfer switch will cost several thousand dollars. Transfer switch are available from generator distributors like these: www.grainger, http://www.northerntool.com and http://www.electricgeneratorsdirect.com
Harco Silencing Mufflers—Three levels: Extreme, Critical and Super Critical (attenuates down to nearly silent). They also have similar levels in a “low profile” unit for small, tight locations but these cost about 25-30% more. All these mufflers are state-of-the-art silencers and are very reasonably priced. You can afford to stack two mufflers together if near a living space. 1000 Industrial Parkway, Newberg, OR 97132. Tel: (503) 537-0600 or (800) 394-7571. URL: www.harcomfg.com
Battery Web—See this webpage for a rundown on battery maintenance technology. We do not recommend trickle chargers as they keep a constant, low charge across the battery and they will overcharge and eventually ruin the battery by evaporating the acid. Look for a battery float charger or “battery maintainer” which turns on and off as needed to maintain the optimal voltage. Sulfation of the lead plates occurs on all batteries over time. There are technologies that keep batteries from sulfating and can even remove sulfation once it occurs. URL: http://www.batteryweb.com
Since we have multiple vehicles and equipment sitting around in reserve, we keep a float charger permanently connect to every battery. The best overall float charger contains a desulphator as well:
BATTERY MINDER 12151. http://www.batteryweb.com/12151-batteryminder.htm $60
There are other less expensive ones that just keep a battery charged, we use the Battery Tender Jr. http://products.batterytender.com/Automotive/Battery-Tender-Junior-12V-0-75A.html
Schumacher SC-10—This is a small portable charger for around the garage and shop. It’s an automatic battery charger and maintainer that keeps the battery at a perfect float charge without overcharging, and has a 55amp engine start circuit. About $60 from Wal-Mart and other auto parts stores.
Power Pulse—12, 24, 36 and 48 volt units provide electronic pulse that breaks down sulfur crystals that build up on batteries, often revitalizing poor performing batteries. Available at specialty battery sites such as: http://www.impactbattery.com
alternate energy: storage battery charging and maintenance
The Xantrex Freedom series of 2-3000kw inverters have built-in battery chargers capable of charging over 100 amps, making them excellent stand-alone inverters for a shelter battery pack that you want to keep charged, without a generator or solar panels: http://www.xantrex.com/power-products/inverter-chargers/freedom-sw-12v_newgen.aspx
Hydrocaps—These units condense the water vapor out of battery gassing so you don’t have to maintain the water level in the battery as often. Available through Abraham Solar (800) 222-7242. URL: http://www.hydrocapcorp.com
Battery Watering—System for maintaining water levels in battery banks. Every battery cap is preplaced by a float type cap with a tube attached that is connected to a central tank for distilled water. URL: http://www.batterywatering.com
Flow-rite—Automatic battery watering products. 960 74th Street S.W., Byron Center, MI 49315. Tel: (616) 583-1700. URL: http://www.flow-rite.com/
HOME: SOLAR BATTERY CHARGERS FOR HOME ACCESSORIES
CRANE 11-in-1—Solar battery charger for D, C, AA, AAA and other small NiMH or NiCd batteries. With battery meter. Takes 7 hours per set of batteries (more on cloudy days). $25 at REI and several online retailers.
GOAL ZERO: A full line of Solar battery chargers and power packs for camping and prepping. Also solar rechargeable flashlights. http://www.goalzero.com/
Silicon solar panel efficiencies are now above 20% and so there is some efficiency difference between solar panel brands, depending on how old their technology is. Polycrystalline panels are about 15% efficient and Amorphous solar film panels are only about 10% efficient and have the shortest lifespan.
But it’s really how much power you get for the money that is the key issue, as well as the space the panels take to give you a certain level of power. The less efficient the panel, the more space you will need to get the same power level as the pure silicon panels—and that means more racks and installation cost too. Since the Chinese began to dominate the solar panel market, prices have dropped to the lowest level ever. What that means is that discounted lower efficiency panels may cost you less money per watt. For longevity you want crystalline silicon panels, but shop for the lowest cost per watt if space isn’t an issue. You may have to buy a few more panels to satisfy you total design load.
The 3 top rated solar panels are all just below $3 per watt in cost:
1) SunPower.com has the highest efficiency (22%) and is made in USA and Philippines and has 17% of US market, $2.96/watt.
2) SolarWorld.com is made in USA and Germany $2.95/watt
3) LG Solar is made in Korea at $2.95/watt.
Trina Solar panels are made in China and also have 17% of the market but only have 16-18% efficiency.
Sharp and Kyocera —Considered better quality but cost more. Sharp is US and Japanese built, and Kyocera, US and Mexico.
Sanyo (Panasonic)—Panels are compact to give you more watts/sq. ft. but are also expensive. Their cost/watt is almost double that of Chinese made Suntech. You can find out where other panels are made at http://news.energysage.com/where-solar-panels-are-manufactured/
Linear Current Booster (LCB)—A special type of pump controller that regulates the power between solar panels and DC water pumps or DC motors to keep systems running during intermittent clouds or sun angles. They units have variable voltage converters to draw the most power from the solar array (by varying the voltage/amperage ratio). Essentially the motor gets more current at a lower voltage and runs slower---better than a stalled motor that doesn’t pump at all. They differ in cost depending on how much current they can handle---between $100 and $500. See www.altstore.com for a comparison chart of various brands.
SOLAR CONVERTERS brand as both 20 amp and 30amp models for about $400
Dankoff LCB —maker of solar water pumps makes their own LCB as well. About $350. Available from many distributors including: http://www.altestore.com, http://www.pvsolarpumps.com
Notes—Inverter/control assemblies for solar are produced by Outback, SMA, Schneider Electric (Trace, Xantrex), Victron, Pika Energy or Magnum. Some use a charge controller to charge batteries, and others have them built in, or take their power from AC micro inverters on the panels. All are excellent a producing an AC sine wave through solid state electronics that matches modern electronics. These inverters also can energize house circuits when the power is cut off within milliseconds so that most electronics will not detect the power failure.
Here are the features we want in an inverter to make your home really self-sufficient:
1) Capable of tying to the grid or acting off grid
2) Two AC inputs, so a generator can replace the utility and power the house or charge batteries.
3) Internal, high amperage battery charger with 2 or 3 stages of charging capable of handling both Flooded Lead Acid, Gel cells, AGM and Li-Io batteries.
4) Power diversion to dump excess solar power into some kind of resistance load.
5) Capable of feeding AC inverted solar power from panels directly into household circuits and drawing only from Grid or battery bank as needed.
6) Web based monitoring of the system remotely.
7) Stackability so that inverters can be chained together to produce higher amp services in excess of 100 amps.
Sadly, none of the current inverters does all of these. SMA does everything except it does not have power diversion and web monitoring. Pika does everything except it doesn’t work off grid. Magnum has the best power diversion but doesn’t prioritize between solar and the battery. Xantrex only draws solar power through the battery, and can’t input it directly into the house. But the entire solar inverter industry is now in flux and I expect at least two of these to meet all criteria this year. Mick Abraham will have the latest updates.
SMA: There latest line of Sunny Island inverters does everything on our wish list except power diversion, 2 AC input terminals and web based monitoring. SMA has those features in Germany, so we expect them to bring them to the USA this year. http://www.sma.de/en/products/battery-inverters/sunny-island-for-increased-self-consumption.html
PIKA ENERGY: Pika has a sophisticated true self-consumption inverter but no power diversion and only one set of "AC IN" terminals. Pika systems all run on a proprietary bus called REbus™ and so their inverter can only be connected to a smart battery pack compatible with Rebus---which runs at 360volts. Currently only one Li-Po battery company is making a suitable battery system for PIKA. The Pika Islanding Inverter is self-configuring and automatically discovers connected REbus devices such as Pika PV Link™ and Pika-compatible smart batteries. In 2017 Pika should have new equipment capable of off grid use. http://www.pika-energy.com/ The Pika Islanding Inverter features selectable modes for Grid Connect, Self Supply, Clean Backup and Priority Backup.
Magnum—Inverters, chargers and interconnect panels. Everett, WA 98204. Tel: (425) 353-8833. URL: http://www.magnumenergy.com Magnum has the a power diversion system, called ACLD, but so far in only works in "off the grid" projects & requires a special box to protect the generator. Another drawback for "Magnum PAE with AC load diversion" is that one cannot stack multiple sets for more amperage. The Magnum Energy ACLD-40 allows you to connect AC resistive loads to your system, but unfortunately, this 4kw diverter only works with 12, 24 and 48 volt battery systems (leaving out PIKA) and will only communicate with a Magnum inverter and remotes via its proprietary RS485 MagNet protocol.
Victron Energy—Inverters, chargers, panels, batteries and more. Simpler to use than Xantrex. URL: www.victronenergy.com
Notes—These units regulate (step down) the voltage from the solar array to match the 12 or 24 or 48 volt needs of the battery bank. Cheap controllers discard the power when not needed, moderately priced 3-stage systems ($200 range) have more settings to keep the batteries floated but still don’t extract all the power the modules can produce. MPPT (Maximum Power Point Trackers) charge controllers are the most expensive ($600 to $900) but these units can get 15 to 30% more power compared to a “legacy-type” (non-MPPT) controller. MPPT units regulate the voltage/amperage coming from the solar panels to maximize the watts (energy) out of the system and then use this to charge the battery bank. Available brands include: Most inverter manufacturers have MPPT charge controllers.
MidNite—MPPT charge controllers rated up to 96 amps and many other solar and battery control products. MidNite systems have an impressive array of options but they are also more expensive than most of the competition. Many solar distributors sell these units. http://www.midnitesolar.com/pages/pages.php?article_ID=14
Outback—Charge controllers (3-phase and MPPT) available mounted to a power center from Outback. Prices similar to MidNite without as many features. URL: http://www.outbackpower.com
Batch Water Heaters: --known as Integral Collector Sytems (ICS), are the best, cheapest and easiest to install for most people. -Good for all but the most severe cold weather climates, and even then, you can drain them down if you don’t have freeze protection. In sever northern climates, there is very little solar thermal energy anyway during the winter.
GLE SOLAR: http://www.glesolar.com/ The best of the few vacuum tube collector types of systems that act as batch heaters with stainless steel tanks. They can also be used as solar pool heaters.
PALS SYSTEM—Jim Phillips developed an extreme cold weather clothing that is so good he calls it a shelter you wear. The Phillips Arctic Living System (PALS) is marketed in economical kits or ready-made suits made from a breathable foam core that keeps moisture and body heat balanced (you add the outer shell by buying high quality Gore-Tex (brand) outerwear). They also have a complete series of preparedness training videos on the clothing system and all other aspects of survival. Volunteers have jumped into ice water in these clothes and became warm and relatively dry minutes after getting out. Excellent.
SAFE HARBOR ALLIANCE ---In Utah at (801) 503-0322. Makes the PALS system of clothes, but only the coat and pants. Reasonable prices. URL: https://safeharboralliance.com/
FORTRESS CLOTHING— Fortress clothing is the most technologically advanced form of the PALS system, using improved foam and better design features, including cutting out the foam in armpits to make the clothing fit better. Best, Fortress makes the full range of clothing, boots, face masks, and gloves using this technology. They even have a new ¼” foam hoody style jacket that is great for active wear in moderate cold temps where you don’t want the bulk of the full foam jacket. The are expensive, but subscribers to Joel’s World Affairs Brief get a 25% discount. Mt. Pleasant, UT 84647 http://www.fortressclothing.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—Now available at all home building stores, but Trex decking has had many problems as noted in the text. We recommend fiber cement board for fire hazard areas: ALLURA is highly fire retardant decking and trim. http://www.allurausa.com/fiber-cement-siding-products/decking
VERANDA DECKING—Expensive, but attractive decking from composite materials. Available at Home Depot stores. Square profile has scalloped bottom to avoid dry rot on support lumber. Website: http://www.verandadeck.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—Methods for constructing a concrete home are described here: http://www.cement.org/homes/ch_buildsys.asp Overall, we think ICF construction is the most reliable and easiest end product once you consider ease of construction, electrical and plumbing installation, and attachment of interior and exterior facades.
INSULATED CONCRETE FORM—ICF construction is one of our most recommended construction methods because of strength, insulation and ease of use. This construction method is commonplace enough that there are many manufacturers and installers throughout the country. We only recommend ICF forms that provide a full width 4-12” thick wall options. See below for some examples. The Portland Cement Association (PCA) has a book on building with ICF and a 5-part video series on the topic. http://www.cement.org/homes/ch_bs_icf.asp
A great comparison chart on all the ICF types of forms is found here: https://www.icfmag.com/documents/ICF_COMP_CHART/ICF_Comp_Chart.pdf
FOXBLOCKS—Foam block system that allows an 4-12" wide, full-width concrete wall option. Ties are every 8”, side wall is 2.65 inches. These will handle any building situation. http://www.foxblocks.com/
LITEFORM and FLEXXBLOCK—Foam form pieces for assembly on site (Liteforms) or already assembled but folding forms (Flexxblock). Both types are easier and cheaper to ship but the LiteForms must be assembled on side, so the construction takes longer. Flexxblocks must be unfolded, which takes very little time. Liteforms have 8” tie spacing and Flexxblock has 6” spacing, eliminating extra bracing around doors and windows. You can buy wholesale direct from the factory and possibly save money. Sioux City, IA. http://www.liteform.com/
QUAD-LOCK—Foam forms for assembly. They also have insulated decking for floors and ceilings, although we don’t use them for shelter ceilings. We want the full floor thickness. Quad-Lock Building Systems are in BC, Canada. URL: www.quadlock.com
THERMOMASS RESIDENTIAL BUILDING SYSTEMS—This concrete wall system uses conventional metal concrete forms but inserts a thermal sandwich of foam in between the two concrete poured surfaces. It has heat mass characteristics on the inside slabe and rodents cannot get into the foam layer. It has the best sound-proofing effect. URL: www.thermomass.com A competitor is the EasiWall system, http://www.preciseforms.com/insulated_easiwall.html
CONSTRUCTION: OTHER CONCRETE NEEDS
HOLLOW CORE CONCRETE SLABS—For use as flooring or roofing systems. Heat or cooling air can be ducted through hollow spaces. Do not use for shelter ceilings---you want full depth concrete (min 10”). FLEXICORE brand slabs is one option available in multiple states. Check with commercial concrete contractors in major cities. These are examples: http://www.flexicoreoftexas.com/ and http://www.pittsburghflexicore.com But buy local.
NOTE—Conventional stucco can be done in all climates now, with or without insulated backing. Another specialty type is fiberglass reinforced and can be used over mortarless concrete blocks:
QUIKRETE® STUCCO SYSTEM—Fiberglass-Reinforced Stucco can reinforce a wall and acts as a drainage medium. Great siding system though usually applied with a conventional stucco topcoat. This system can be used for the concrete stack-block method. URL: www.quikrete.com
TIROLESSA STUCCO SPRAYER—Can be used for applying plaster and small scale shotcrete. Eugene, OR. http://www.mortarsprayer.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—This exterior finish system consists of synthetic stucco applied over insulation board, which is then installed over sheathing. These systems have been particularly used in commercial applications. There are many EIFS manufacturers and distributors including: senergy, surewall, finestonep. Several years ago EIFS systems received bad press from homeowners complaining that these systems were falling apart. Moisture had penetrated the wall and the sheathing and structural members were rotting. Modern systems now allow moisture that gets behind the stucco to drain harmlessly to the outside.
DRYVIT—Provider for EIFS stucco with distributors around the country. Dryvit Systems, Inc. West Warwick, RI. URL: http://www.dryvit.com
PLEKO—Dryvit alternative with cheaper prices. URL: www.pleko.com
RETARDANT SPRAYS—The following three manufacturers produce a fire-retardant spray for shingles, wood siding and almost everything else including cardboard. Water-based, non-toxic.
FLAME STOP— http://www.flamestop.com
COLD FIRE— http://www.rdrtechnologies.com
FLAME SEAL PRODUCTS INC.— http://www.flameseal.com
CONSTRUCTION: FIREPROOF SIDING, EXTERIORS
FIBER CEMENT PRODUCTS—Building products made unburnable by adding cement. They also stop moisture and are bug proof. Products come in a variety of forms and board shapes including roofing, siding and trim. It is almost as easy to cut and use as wood. We have found the following product suppliers useful when cladding homes in areas of potential fire dangers. Most roofing and siding require an underlayment to get the most fire-resistant rating (Class A).
PLYCEM—This is fiber cement mixed with recycled material which has higher densities than all other sheathings. Parent company of ALLURA fire resistant trim. http://www.plycemtrim.com
HARDIE PRODUCTS—Non-combustible fiber cement siding and trim products. Mold and mildew resistant. URL: http://www.jameshardie.com
Note: We won’t cover the normal forms of insulation, fiberglass and cellulose, or spray on foam, just alternatives that you may not know about.
MINERAL WOOL INSULATION—Sometimes called “rock wool” insulation. R-values per inch are better than fiberglass in batt form and the rigid board form is almost comparable to poly-iso sheets (R-4.5/inch compared to R-5 for poly-iso). More fire-resistant than fiberglass and does not offgas in heat like other synthetic materials particularly spray foam. Most available residential brand is Roxul. http://www.roxul.com/products/residential
REFLECTIX—One of the latest innovations is bubble poly blankets with foil on front and back. It is great for molding into window jambs, stapling to attic rafters or to cover existing attic insulation to reflect summer heat out and winter heat in. Several brands besides this one are sold at home improvement stores and Amazon.com. URL: http://www.reflectixinc.com
INSULATED SIPS This unique form of insulation comes in integrated panels with 2x4 or 2x6 studs integrated with foil backed foam, which are inserted into large framed openings to match and nailed into place. See http://www.raycore.com/insulated-wall-panels.php
GENERAL INFORMATION—There are hundreds of log home kit companies. However, it has been my experience that log home suppliers in the eastern US are almost double the price of western log home suppliers. Call for price comparisons. It may be cheaper to ship log kits from the west than buy in the east.
TIMBERLINE LOG HOMES—This is the company we use as a reference for a fair price. Check your prices locally and then give the same specs to this company to see how they compare. we have shipped from Timberline to the East Coast before and saved money. Orem, Ut. URL: http://www.timberlineloghomes.net
INTERNATIONAL HOMES OF CEDAR—These are laminated cedar homes that come in kits that are fairly easy to build. Woodinville, WA. URL: http://www.ihoc.com
REAL LOG HOMES—Distributors in most states. Compare prices with other outfits. URL: http://www.realloghomes.com/
LOG HOME BUILDERS ASSOCIATION—This organization helps instruct people how to build a log home as a Do-it-Yourself project and save significant costs by circumventing the kit builders. We have not attended their seminars but their building method is stronger than conventional kit log homes. They use whole logs with simple corner joints (butt and pass) and tie the posts together with rebar lengths to eliminate settling from wood shrinkage while resisting earthquake and wind forces. Some find this method less aesthetically pleasing than some of the designer cabins out there, but their methods and success is compelling. See their website for classes, which are held in Las Vegas, NV. URL http://www.buildloghomes.org/
GENERAL INFORMATION—Modular homes can be a quicker home solution. There are many options available today beyond rectangular, single-story homes that are found everywhere, but not attractive or energy efficient. Here’s a list of modular home builders by state: http://www.modulartoday.com/modular-directory.html
EXCEL HOMES—Probably the most advanced type of modular homes available. A great deal of customization is possible. Not your normal modular tract homes. Liverpool, PA URL: http://www.excelhomes.com
GENERAL NOtes—Many brands of steel decking are available at local steel suppliers in most large cities. Deal locally to avoid shipping costs. When pouring a composite concrete over metal deck for a shelter ceiling get “embossed” decking so that the decking adheres to the underside of the concrete when form supports are removed. Here are some sample companies:
FormDeck—Comes 36 inches wide in a variety of lengths. http://www.structuresofusa.com
Metal Deck Direct—All kinds of metal deck, including embossed decking. URL: http://www.metaldeckdirect.com/products/floor-deck
GENERAL NOTES—Factory-made wall and roof systems that replace typical wood framed walls and roofs. Panel widths as thick as 12” Typical panels are sheets of insulation with plywood or OSB glued to both sides. EPS (extruded polystyrene) foam is cheaper than polyurethane but has a slightly lower R-value and has to be glued to OSB panels because of its corrosive nature.
R-CONTROL—Structural Building Panels for walls, floors and ceilings. AFM Corporation Excelsior, MN URL:
RAYCORE—The most versatile system. Standard panels have studs in them so they can be cut to varied sizes. Panels have a polyurethane core and reflective foil and come in thickness to match 2x4, 2x6 and 2x8 walls. Sheating is then applied to the outside as normal and drywall or paneling on the inside. URL: http://www.raycore.com/insulated-wall-panels.php
INSULSPAN—Pre-manufactured wall system with an EPS (extruded polystyrene system) core. URL: http://www.insulspan.com/
THERMOCORE—Pre-manufactured system with polyurethane core. URL: http://www.thermocore.com
GENERAL INFORMATION—While we don’t recommend building underground homes due to the difficulty of reselling the home, all of the following companies have been in business over 20 years, so they know what they are doing.
FORMWORKS BUILDING—Designers and installer of an underground system using concrete dome or tunnel type structures., Durango, CO 81302. www.formworksbuilding.com
TERRA-DOME—Underground or bermed buildings. They have tremendous experience in the field. . Grain Valley, MO URL: http://www.terra-dome.com
DAVIS CAVES CONSTRUCTION— Armington, IL. URL: www.daviscaves.com
GENERAL Notes—Waterproofing can be a difficult task in underground situations. Many of the best products are applied on the outside of the foundation and are often only sold at contractor outlets. We still list some of those here.
CONCRETE ADMIXTURES—Concrete additives that react with water to make the concrete impervious to water—even fills in small cracks. Some products can be painted on afterwards to soak in. Check with your concrete supplier for the best product. Xypex is a well used brand: http://www.xypex.com/products/additive-products
Superseal—The ultimate sealing system around foundations with dimpled plastic sheeting, cloth, drains and paint. Fairly expensive at 45 cents/sq. ft, from Canada. http://www.supersealonline.us
Tremproof 201/60—Ideal for waterproofing foundation walls. By Tremco URL: http://www.tremcosealants.com Tuff-N-Dri H8—New asphalt emulsion product also by Tremco and is “good up to 8 feet of hydrostatic pressure.”
Bituthene—Heavy-duty waterproof membranes that can literally surround the outside of a basement (even under slabs and footings) to make it waterproof in a high water table area. Bituthene 3000 by W.R. Grace Co. Available at building and construction supply stores. See website for distributors: http://www.graceconstruction.com
For underground roofs—Apply 30 or 45 mil EPDM rubber pond liner material over polyurethane foam sprayed on insulation. Pond liners widely available at rural farm stores.
Bluemax—Roll on rubber coating. Best if applied to exterior or surface in contact with water. Extremely flexible, will not crack. Not cheap at $180/5 gal bucket. URL: http://www.amesresearch.com/bluemax.htm
EPOXY DECK COATINGS . Life Deck has a heavy epoxy coating for cement patios and garages, also with decorative patterns to be used over old concrete. www.lifedeck.com
Most products use hydraulic cement which is too rigid. For a better job, fill the crack on the inside using a tough, but flexible professional-grade silicone based sealant. Several options including Sikaflex are usually available at most home improvement and hardware stores.
GENERAL INFORMATION—Cupolas are great for roof ventilation and architectural decoration that used to be common on top of traditional styled roofs and barns.
STEPHENSON CUPOLAS AND WEATHERVANES—Several Manufacturers including C. W. Ohio, Inc. Tel: (440) 593-5800. URL: www.cwohio.com
EDON FIBERGLASS CUPOLAS—Indestructible vents that never need maintenance. Also they make a full range of ornamental decorative facades, and trim. URL: www.edon.com
LIFT-AVATOR—Elevators and lifts for residential homes. Lockport, NY http://www.liftavator.com
NATION-WIDE LIFTS—Distributor for many of the most common residential elevators, dumbwaiters and stair lifts. They also have a unique elevator in a big cylinder- tube that operates by a vacuum pump. URL: http://www.home-elevator.net/
Smoke Hoods—MyXcaper Smoke Mask is a thick face mask that comes moist out of a sealed pouch to better catch particles. Filters smoke, carbon dioxide and other gases ($39 for the mask, $58 for kit with goggle LED light and whistle). URL: http://www.hylinesafety.com/smokeescapemasks.html
ASE30A—Smoke Hood with built-in filter. Bulky and more expensive ($60-$70) than Smoke Hood but is complete as a single unit. Available from multiple sources including http://www.safehomeproducts.com
FIREMASK ---only about $50, and protects against smoke and carbon monoxide. http://firemask.ca/
Paint Grade Respirators—These dual filter masks used by commercial painters are the least expensive way to get chemical and smoke protection but they do not protect from carbon monoxide, so only good for about 5-10 minutes in smoke.—about $30-$40 from Home Depot or Lowes.
M95—Dust masks for keeping radioactive particles out of lungs after a nuclear disaster. Available from home improvement stores. Store in cars and in all 72-hour kits.
CHEAP AMMUNITION— http://www.cheaperthandirt.com
MAG-SAFE AMMO: Special penetrating shotgun type ammo for auto weapons. Awesome and deadly stuff. URL: http://www.magsafeonline.com/
SILENT .22 AMMO—CCI brand CB CAP cartridges. Available at most gun shops.
SPOTTING SCOPES, TELESCOPES—For a great place to buy binoculars, spotting scopes, telescopes, and accessories, try Eagle Optics. URL: www.eagleoptics.com
TRITICON—Glowing night sights from Armson. Tel: (207) 797-8200. URL: http://www.armsonusa.com/
HEARING AMPLIFICATION MUFFS—These specialty ear muffs will not only amplify small sounds, but they will attenuate loud sounds so that everything comes within your hearing comfort range. These are a must for combat shooting when you want ear protection but not so much as to keep you from detecting intrusions. Several brands available including Pro-Ears, Silencio and Gentrex. Available from sport enthusiast stores like Cabelas and http://www.sportsmansguide.com
MILITEC-1—Dry lube for weapons URL: http://www.militec1.com/
BOWIE KNIFE: Best all around Survival knife: Western Cutlery 9-1/2" blade Available at local knife shops that carry Western Cutlery products. Shop on ebay for the Western Bowie model W49
WILLIAMS TRIGGER SPECIALTIES—Smooth trigger mods. 111 SE Second Street, Atwood, IL 61913, Tel: (217) 578-3026. URL: http://www.williamstriggers.com /
DILLON RELOADING PRESS—Best of the progressive reloading presses. Tel: (800) 762-3845. URL: http://www.dillonprecision.com/
MULTI-PUMP AIR RIFLES—These low-powered air rifles are best for target practice “plinking” and for training kids on weapons. Cheap, accurate at short range and reliable.
BREAK BARREL AIR RIFLES—The best balance of stand-alone power in air rifles. Look for .22 caliber rifles with slightly less than 1000 fps (feet per second) muzzle velocity for best power while still being quiet. Use heavier pellet (lead) for slower velocity but greater stopping power. Here are recommended models:
In .177 caliber: Ruger Blackhawk Combo ($90), break barrel, 1000 fps, includes 4x32 scope. Manufacturing and components is not the best quality but a good gun for an excellent price.
Gamo Whisper Silent Cat ($149), break barrel, .177 caliber, 1200 fps, 4x32 scope. Popular gun, powerful and accurate. Note that the non-removable sound suppressor does not stop the “crack from the sonic boom”, so not “whisper silent.”
In .22 caliber: Crosman Nitro Venom ($150), break barrel, 800 fps, 3-9x32 scope. Fairly quiet, decent quality, good accuracy, good stock. Some users prefer a new trigger (see below). Uses the nitro piston which is quieter and less recoil than the typical spring.
RWS .22 Pellet Model 34 ($300), break barrel, 800 fps. 4x32 scope. Made in Germany, this is an excellent air gun with a lifetime warranty. Robust barrel with good trigger and scope quality.
Modified triggers for air rifles from http://charliedatuna.com
RECOMMENDED PELLETS: Heavier (lead) pellets are slower but more powerful. Dome shaped pellets are accurate. Hollow points, both open and plastic-filled, are available for varmint huntin.
RWS pellets are high quality and don’t leave as much lead dust in barrels ($6 for 250)
Crosman Premier Dome-shaped pellets are more accurate than other shapes ($11 for 500)
General Notes: Best buys in food storage are in bulk dried grains: Wheat, rice, and beans. Due to the shipping weight of bulk foods for storage, it may be better to buy these items close to home. However many bulk wholesalers like Emergency Essentials have found a way to get very cheap shipping rates. You can buy large bags of beans and rice at wholesale warehouses like Costco and Sam’s Clubs nationwide. You can buy bulk wheat in many locations in the West, as indicated below.
Almost all of the Food Storage companies are in the far West, and 90% are in Utah---the nation’s hub of preparedness. In the Midwest few grain growers bag any wheat for consumers and almost everything grown now is GMO—genetically modified, which you should not eat. The best bet for people in the Midwest is to join together with a few other families and buy grain from an organic non-GMO grower. Load up your pickup truck with grain, and then package it yourself in plastic 6 gallon buckets. Many farmers in the Midwest and Canada have small grain cleaners that can take out the dust and other particles from field grain. Add a spoonful of diatomaceous earth per bucket of grain to kill any bugs.
The “Big 4” in size and shipments are the following companies:
Emergency Essentials—The Walmart of prepper stores. Good variety and fairly competitive prices on food goods and preparedness items of all kinds. Maximum shipping charge is $12 no matter how large the order, except to HI and AK. Order online or via catalog. URL: http://beprepared.com
Nitro-Pak—Carries a full line of survival foods and products. Very fast service. Heber City, UT URL: http://www.nitro-pak.com
THE READY STORE –Draper Utah, https://www.thereadystore.com/
But we often prefer to shop with the littler or lesser known companies:
Alpine Food Storage—Small outfit in Utah that can ship within the US. Best prices on the most important storage food items but focuses on those that are healthy and for everyday use. Highland, UT URL: http://www.alpinefoodstorage.com
Shelf Reliance—Noted for their shelving systems that rotate cans forward on a sloping shelf as you use them. Lindon, Utah URL: www.shelfreliance.com They also have a Canadian outlet.
Walton Feed—A full service chemical-free supply outlet that has all types of survival foods and equipment. Very reputable. Montpelier, ID http://www.rainydayfoods.com
Moisture and Oxygen Absorbers—Preservative aid for dry packing. Oxygen absorbing packets available at most dry goods retailers including Provident Living (above). URL: http://www.multisorb.com/
Storage Buckets—Available in Utah and Idaho at many grocery stores. Foord storage companies also sell them: Emergency Essentials or Alpine Food Storage (see above).
DIATOMACEOUS EARTH—Read up on this natural weevil and bug killer at http://diatomaceous.org/ Stock up on food grad DE for sprinkling over your stored grains as you put them in buckets to stop bugs from eating it while in storage. There are many other uses for internal use, care of animals and general insect control. You can find lots of sources on Amazon, including 50 lb bag (and smaller).
JARBOX—Mason jar storage bins. This innovative product is a clamshell-like plastic box that stores 12 jars with enough space between them they will not bump and break during travel, an earthquake or even when dropped while carrying. Multiple bins lock together for easy, sturdy stacking. $16 per set. Available direct from the inventor. These are wonderful. URL: http://www.jarbox.com
We have found that all of the small hand-held, hand crank generators, like the K-Tor and the ETON are too underpowered to do any good. You’d have to crank for an hour to get even get a minimal charge on your cell-phone. We feel that the Crank-a-Watt generator is the only thing worth buying if you are going to have a hand-crank generator. It comes in a plastic tool box, with a large 400 watt permanent magnet alternator, regulator, voltage meter, 400 watt 110 inverter, and a voucher for a battery. That way, you can charge the battery fairly rapidly and then plug in your electronics for recharging while you do something else. https://www.prestowind.com/
home: Solar rechargeable batteries, FLASHLIGHTS ---Goal Zero has a wide variety of solar rechargeable, panels, battery power packs and flashlights, all very high quality. http://www.goalzero.com/products
HOME: HAND CRANK GENERATOR/RADIO
The Eton FRX5 is the best out there. It has the biggest and best crank, and has an AC adapter, USB port for charging batteries and comes with AM/FM and seven NOAA weather stations. Best, it has the loudest speaker and the best reception. –about $100 available on Amazon.
Kaito KA550 Portable shortwave radio does it all: Solar / Hand Crank AM/FM, Shortwave & NOAA Weather Emergency Radio with Automatic Weather Alert & Cell Phone Charger. Available on Amazon.
CONLEY'S MFG.—Commercial greenhouse manufacturer. Will send components to you as well as twinwall glazing at wholesale rates. Montclair, CA http://www.conleys.com /
NATIONAL GREENHOUSE—A division of Nexus Corporation. Nexus is a commercial greenhouse manufacturer who has created the National Greenhouse division to focus specifically on low-cost residential greenhouse solutions Northglenn, CO www.nationalgreenhouse.com/
MAX/MIN THERMOMETERS—There are several non-electric options but the liquid-based thermometers are very unreliable. Look for bi-metal dial thermometers with maximum and minimum indicators for monitoring the peaks and lows of places like greenhouses, root cellars, food storage rooms, fridge, freezers, ovens and outdoors between (manual) resets. Very useful. The Durac thermometer ($23) has a good range (-20 to 140 F) but its plastic housing feels cheap. The Brannan Thermometer has a better feel and boasts a humidity sensor but Fahrenheit shows up small on the dial.
PLASTIC COVERS—Cheapest way to enclose a greenhouse is with 6mil polyethylene greenhouse film. Look for that manufactured in North America such as by AT Plastics. Available at greenhouse supply warehouses such as http://www.greenhousemegastore.com
ALLIED TUBE & CONDUIT—Aluminum square tubing, round tubing etc. See also warehouse supplies available at steel/metal distributors in all major cities. Harvey, URL: www.alliedsteel.com/
Solar Vent Openers—For regulating temperatures in greenhouses. This website sells several kinds including Thermofor, Univent, Regal and Optivent. http://www.greenhouses-etc.net/equipment/solar_vents.htm
Bayless Mk-7 or XL—Made in the UK. Lifts up to 14 lbs. You can buy directly from them online or through greenhouse suppliers. URL: http://www.baylissautovents.co.uk
Oasis Montana—a webpage where people post their used or surplus solar and alternate energy equipment. URL: http://www.oasismt.com/usedsolar.html
Kerosene Lamp—Rapid Kerosene Pressure Lantern uses hand-pressurized fuel and a mantle to generate 500 lumens (300 watt light bulb). Burns 10 hours from one-third gallon kerosene (one filling). About $100. Get extra mantles and parts when ordering. URL: http://www.stpaulmercantile.com
BRIGHTLYT—Multi-Fuel Lantern $120 from Homestead Supply. This German beauty is the Cadillac of lanterns. Burns all liquid fuels, nickel finish, very classy. Puts out tremendous light. See: http://www.britelyt.com/
Dietz Wick-Oil Lamp—The best of the old fashioned wick/oil lamps - beautiful and inexpensive ($20). Available from old fashioned products stores and Lehman’s (https://www.lehmans.com/product/dietz-blizzard-hurricane-oil-lantern-bluewww.lehmans.com).
Humphrey Propane Lamps—The oldest and best company wall mounted gas lighting. http://gas-lights.com/humphrey-gas-lights.html
Thinlite Corp.— 12 volt fluorescent lights (vertical mount on wall) have the most lumens-per-dollar: 36” long (item #197) or the 48” long unit (item #139) are practical. For 24 volt systems use model numbers #297 or #239, respectively for same cost (about $65). Available via Abraham Solar or RV supply stores such as http://www.pplmotorhomes.com and http://www.solarseller.com
Note: If you use regular Fluorescent lights a DC emergency lighting circuit in home or shelter, GE brand compact fluorescents run better off an inverter than other brands.
Sunpipes—Skylights. 1,500 watts of free, fresh light as easy to install as a stovepipe. Hollow, super-reflective pipe runs from your roof down to a translucent ceiling fixture that spreads the light down. Less expensive and easier to install than typical skylights. Doesn’t build up unwanted summer heat, create condensation, allow sun-fading or leak.
COAST RECHARGEABLE FLASHLIGHTS—Look for powerful HP8R (300 lumen or more) flashlights that work on standard alkaline or the included rechargeable batteries. These recharge on AC or DC via mini USB making it valuable to recharge with a backpack solar array.
Waber Power Strips—Good quality EMP surge protection (clamping speeds of less than 1 nanosec). Also produces whole house protectors. Available through electronic wholesalers and distributors. URL: http://www.industrialelectronics.biz/waber/waber.htm
Zero Surge — The newest instantaneous clamping technology with plug in ease of use. Use for all your valuable plug-in products and computers. Much better than a power strip protector. They have a wide variety of protectors.URL: www.zerosurge.com
Whole House protector, EMP rated. There are many small units under $200 that attach to your electrical panel but they do not protect reliably and are one time use only. The Apex is about $1200, but it really does the job. Transtector produces top of the line military grade EMP protection equipment that can provide shunt protection for incoming power lines. Boise, ID. URL: http://www.protectiongroup.com/Transtector
Alpha Delta Communications—Coax lightning arrestors, coax switches with surge protectors. Manchester, KY URL: http://www.alphadeltacom.com
Ameritron - Remote coax switches, inrush AC current protector. URL: http://www.ameritron.com/
Grounding Straps—The Wireman stocks copper wire up to #4 AWG, 2-inch flat copper strap, 8-foot copper-clad ground rod and 1”x1/4” bus bar. URL: http://thewireman.com
Victoreen 717—Surplus survey meters. Range 0-500 rems/hr (highest range available), comes with detachable ion chamber so you don’t have to buy a separate probe to take measurements outside the shelter. Uses one D-Cell battery. Simple, low tech, reliable. These are not in production anymore but can be bought unused in new condition. Most have not been calibrated since their original production, but they are usually only off by 10-20% at the most, which is not critical for the high dose measurements you would make in a nuclear war. KI4U website: URL: http://www.radmeters4u.com/ Calibration Note—Meters can be recalibrated if necessary by sending them to KI4U.com
NUKEALERT ER Uis a combination Geiger counter, dosimeter and high range survey meter like the Victoreen, but does it all. It has a range of 1µR/hr through 600R/hr, but currently the government is grabbing the entire supply. Price $750 if you can find one. http://www.ki4u.com/products1.php KI4U.com will know when they become available.
MIRION RI-02 Survey Meter. Next generation nuclear survey meter that goes to 100 rems/hr in dose rate, but measures up to 1000 rems cumulative in the integrated dose rate. https://mirion.app.box.com/s/celggitcjgivpsneubjb
Kelly Fallout Meter (KFM)—This homemade kit meter is available for under $20 from Emergency Essentials (www.beprepared.com) or the plans are free from KI4U (www.ki4u.com).
Potassium Iodide or Iodate tablets—Take after any nuclear incident to saturate the body with stable iodine and avoid thyroid contamination by uptake of radioactive iodine. Available from most preparedness stores and from www.KI4U.com
“Transformative” Iodine—This nascent, bio-available form of iodine is for normal Thyroid support as a supplement, whereas KI tablets are for use in a nuclear emergency. Transformative Iodine is easier for the body to uptake without getting iodine poisoning. Can be taken as a daily supplement too. Available from Sunstone formulas, URL: www.sunstoneformulas.com or “Detoxidine” from http://www.globalhealingcenter.com $30.
Simple Gray Water Systems—Ideas for building one from common plumbing materials can be seen here: http://www.omick.net/graywater/graywater.htm
Natural Home Building Source—Sells a tank with a filter and options such as a pump. Their website has many common-sense recommendations about gray water use. Silverthorne, CO 80498. URL: https://www.thenaturalhome.com/greywater.html
Biolet—Mini-composting toilet. Finally a composter about the size of a regular toilet. Look for the BTS 33 for a non-electric model. Tel: (800) 524-6538. URL: www.biolet.com
Sun Frost—“Human Hummus Machine.” One of the most economical composting toilets around. Purchase these kits for converting two 55 gallon drums—one for use and the other to store material as it composts. Low watt fan requires DC or AC. P.O. Box 1101, Arcata, CA 95518 Tel: (707) 822-9095 URL: http://www.sunfrost.com/composting_toilets.html
Clivus Multrum—Special toilets as part of a large tank system. Will compost continuous use for multiple people and also kitchen waste. Large tank system must be sited in a basement area. www.clivusmultrum.com
Sun-Mar—Look for self-contained units that are moderately sized for placement in bathroom. Non-electric, AC or DC and automatic controls depending on unit. From $1,200-1,800 depending on options. Many online retailers such as http://www.eco-potty.com
Chemical Toilets—($20-50) available at camping and RV stores.
Marine Toilets—Our preferred manual toilet system for shelters. These toilets have a manual pump that will pump waste up a 1-1/2” pipe as high as 6 feet allowing use in basement shelter systems where one must connect to existing plumbing drains at ceiling height. JABSCO brand, order model #29120-2000 for the larger, elongated bowl. Available at yacht and marine supply stores or Amazon.com.
Porta-John Systems—Dry Flush Toilet. 50633 Ryan Road, Utica, Michigan 48317. Tel: (888) 767-8256. Several retailers online.
Toilet Distributor—This site compares several composting and non-electric toilets next to each other: http://www.kansaswindpower.net/composting_toilets.htm
SHELTERS: Marine Toilets —Our preferred manual toilet system for shelters. These toilets have a manual pump that will pump waste up a 1-1/2” pipe as high as 6 feet allowing use in basement shelter systems where one must connect to existing plumbing drains at ceiling height.
JABSCO brand, order model #29120-2000 for the larger, elongated bowl. About $200 Available at yacht and marine supply stores or Amazon.com. Jabsco also has an electric model for around $600
Biodegradable Detergents—Required if you reuse gray water so as not to damage plants. None compare with the cleaning power of commercial detergent, especially on stains, but the 7th Generation “Free and Clear” performs the best in tests on dirt and stains.
PEX—Flexible plastic piping. There is no better plumbing system for the do-it-yourself plumber than flexible plastic pipe systems. Easy to install and freeze resistant since it will expand rather than split or break. There are a variety of clamping ring connectors or slip-on, non-clamping connectors on the market. Available at all plumbing supply stores.
Amateur Electronic Supply (AES)—Largest mail-order supplier of ham radios and antennas. Milwaukee, WI. URL: http://www.aesham.com
Ham Radio Outlet—Major competitor to AES, with more stores around the country. URL: http://www.hamradio.com
DISCOUNT TWO-WAY RADIO They carry all the modern radio brands with all the latest technology at reasonable prices. www.discounttwo-wayradio.com/
Rohn Towers—Mostly radio towers but also copper strap and tower grounding products. Rohn products available through Amateur Electronic Supply or Ham Radio Outlet (see above). URL: www.rohnnet.com
Car Mount Antenna—There are several whip-type antennas available, including some with magnetic mounts for the car top. Store in trunk when not in use.
144/440 mhz DUAL BAND Base Station Antenna—The Diamond MR759 is a good all around antenna for home to use in communicating with your family’s portable radios around town.
SHORT WAVE Antenna—the MFJ-1020C adjustable interior short wave antenna is very convenient for portable reception. Ham Radio Outlet. For a real antenna, you’ll need fine long wire over 100’ long, fed from the center down to your shelter with radio coax. Here’s a YouTube video by RadioHamGuy on how to build a Di-pole Short Wave antenna for all the major listening bands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KHzsKYsZL0 Find Short Wave broadcast schedules at PrimeTimeShortwave.com You can have a lot of fun decoding digital signals (PSK, RTTY, WeFax, etc.) with cheap software at http://www.mixwusa.com/ For great reading on everything you can do with ham radio visit the site of www.kv5r.com Lots of great do-it-yourself ideas.
Cell Phone Antenna Booster—Essential to get cell phone coverage in a shelter. Most modern cell phones do not have an external antenna jack, so your cellphone must use a booster to relay its reception to the phone. You must buy one that is compatible with your network. weBoost is the top selling Wilson brand. ---about $500.
General Notes—Listen to radio chatter from Police, EMT and other public safety departments as well as aviation, marine and utility radio transmissions. In big metropolitan areas police and city radio transmission keep getting more complex with computer controlled channel swapping to maximize their bandwidth. Scanners have kept pace except for some localized systems in big cities and encrypted government transmissions. Many counties now use trunking and digital scanners which require a more sophisticated (and expensive) scanner. We found the FAQ page at Scanner Master to be helpful http://www.scannermaster.com and their prices on new products are usually competitive. If not technically inclined, buy the preprogrammed units that are easy to use, by simply inputting your location. Subscription-free updates of frequencies using USB cable or SD card keep your unit tracking the frequencies around you.
Uniden HomePatrol 2—A very popular and capable preprogrammed unit that also receives digital trunked systems. It is self programming once you enter your zip code. ($500).
Desktop units—Consider Uniden Bearcat BCD996P2 Scanner at about $400 which has some very unique features.
Family Radio Service (FRS)—No license required, 1-2 mile, 0.5 watt powered. These are the cheapest alternatives to ham radio for short distance communication. Like a walkie talkie, only higher quality.
GENERAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICE (GMRS)—Simple license required with one page form, $65 fee, good for 5 years, applies to all of immediate family. Up to 50 watts power allowed on GMRS frequencies, except 7 channels shared with FRS which is limited to 5 watts. Good for longer range communication similar to UHF ham radio handhelds, but with limited frequencies.
COBRA ACXT 1000 Series—At $75 for two radios, this is a good FRS/GMRS radio for the price. It is well made, waterproof, floats, durable, and has a longer range (37 miles line-of-sight) compared to other radios. It allows the included NiMh battery pack to be swapped out for (3) AA disposable batteries—an important feature so you can carry backup power anywhere. Battery lasts for days. Small LED light. Weather receiver and alerts. Can play back 20 seconds of last voice received. Available from Cobra and distributors including Amazon.
MIDLAND GXT1000VP4—The GXT series are somewhat cheaper at around $60 for two, are lighter weight than the Cobra above, waterproof, floats, NOAA weather alerts, 50 channels and 142 “privacy codes,” and has hands free operation with a headset. Rechargeable battery pack can be swapped out for (4) disposable AA batteries.
MOTOROLA MS350R—Three radios for $90 makes this one of the cheaper options. Less range, but easy to use, water resistant, hands free operation, NOAA weather alerts, 22 channels and 121 “privacy codes.” NiMh rechargeable pack (included) or (3) AA disposables.
CB radios—40 Channels, no license required. 4 watts maximum power, though many transmit at higher powers illegally. Most CB radios cost less than $100. Available at all radio stores including Radio Shack.
Shortwave Radio—Receive news and stations from all over the world. Critical in an emergency. Common bands include AM, FM, Aircraft Band (118-137 MHz) and Shortwave (1.6-30 MHz). Some units will even receive some Ham Radio transmissions.
Eton (Grundig) Globe Traveler ($100) and TECSUN PL660 ($160)—Intermediate brands that also offer aviation bands (communications between and for aircraft).
Sony ICF-SW7600G—Best buy of the medium-sized, fully capable receivers ($300).
ETON (Grundig) Satellite 750—Excellent desktop unit for serious shortwave reception. SSB reception for eliminating interference. AM, FM, Aircraft Band and Shortwave. About $275.
Sony ICF-SW100s—The ultimate in miniature-sized world band receiver (size of cassette). Available second-hand ($200) from online retailers like Amazon or eBay.
Hand-crank—And/or solar powered shortwave (SW) radios. Although there are many reliable hand-crank radios that receive AM, FM and Weather well, we have yet to find one with even decent radio reception on any band, and all have major problems with the rechargeable battery getting weaker with usage, so hand cranking doesn’t last. We can recommend any at this time.
Non-hybrid, non-GMO seeds—Sealed in moisture-proof packets and stored in #10 cans. 4-5 year shelf life. Much longer if refrigerated or frozen. Available from the following sources:
Preparedness Seeds—URL: http://www.preparednessseeds.com
Territorial Seed Company— URL: http://www.territorialseed.com/
Harris Seeds—URL: www.harrisseeds.com
Heirloom Seeds—URL: www.heirloomseeds.com
Jankala Organic Seed— http://organicseed.com
Pre-packaged “Seed Vaults”—Available through preparedness wholesalers like Emergency Essentials and Alpine Food Storage http://www.alpinefoodstorage.com
NOTE—we prefer the technology that uses hydraulic actuators instead of gear motors for strength and longevity.
TILT-A-WAY The strongest and fasted operating gate system around. Vertical pivot avoids gate getting jammed by high snow or vehicles. http://www.tiltaway.com/
MIGHTY-MULE—DC and solar power gate opener systems for swinging gates, sold as a do-it-yourself package which avoids expensive installation costs. http://www.mightymule.com
Amweld series 1544—Bullet and Tornado resistant to Level III (high powered handguns) about $1,500 including high security locks. Available through architectural door suppliers such as http://absupply.net and http://blackmountaindoor.com
Trussbilt—Level III and level IV (good for up to 7.62 high velocity military round) ballistic protection available. Trussbilt’s detention hollow metal doors have front and back panels welded to a corrugated metal interior for exceptional stiffness-- used in prisons, jails, juvenile facilities and detention centers worldwide. URL: http://www.trussbilt.com
ESCO Supply Co.—Armored steel plate. Custom order for shutters or to overlay a security door. Thickness is 3/8” (actually 5/16”) tempered steel for level IV protection (military rifle rounds). Order from ESCO Supply in Phoenix, AZ. Tel: (800) 528-4021 or local (602) 252-8061. Attach this plate to a 14 gauge steel utility door such as Steelcraft.
DeanSteel Door—Only steel reinforced door with vertical metal strips attaching front and back face panels making it suitable for gravel fill. To make a bulletproof door for all normal handgun loads fill the inside of a 14 gauge B-series door with pea gravel. Order it with two deadbolts at 1/3 and 2/3 of the height for the least expensive secure door for a shelter. Specify no insulation—and don’t mention gravel fill. San Antonio, Texas. Tel: (210) 226-8271. URL: www.deansteel.com Deansteel also builds bullet proof decorative doors and frames if you don’t want to do-it-yourself http://www.deansteel.com/__files/DS_Bullet_Flyer.pdf
STEELCRAFT – Steel security doors. This company makes heavy gauge production doors including 14 gauge steel thickness for both doors and frames which are bullet-resistant to some small .22 or 25 caliber arms. These doors have integral insulation so they cannot be gravel filled. See Deansteel doors above for gravel fill. Steelcraft dealers in every major city.
SPECIALTY METAL HATCH DOORS—The biggest and best company to supply all types of specialty hatch doors (roof, floor and wall hatches) is Bilco door. Long known for their sloping basement/tornado shelter doors. The Bilco Company, URL: www.bilco.com/
ALPINE ARMORING INC.—Armored SUVs, sedans and trucks. 503 Carlisle Drive, Herndon, Virginia 20170 Tel: (703) 471-0002 or (800) 992-7667. www.alpineco.com
BULLDOG DIRECT—Kevlar fiber building panels for protecting walls. A do-it-yourself source. Also sells armored vehicle kits for level IIIA hand gun protection from: 9 mm, .357 mag., .44 mag., and higher. Each armor kit comes with installation instructions and looks completely stock when complete. Cincinnati, Ohio, URL: www.bulldogdirect.com
Armorco—ballistic panels and fabric for bullet proofing walls or vehicle doors and seats. URL: http://www.armorco.com
Specialty security fabrics Specialty fabrics for building bullet resistant of strong walls out of Kevlar, carbon fiber, or fiberglass. www.fiberglast.com
BULLET PROOF VESTS—(Nick Taylor) Brand-name bullet proof vests and body armor accessories at discounted prices. Very reliable source you can trust. http://www.BulletProofME.com
Fort Knox Co.—They build doors to our specifications with inside opening release handles. These doors have steel frame system that bolts around a concrete opening for easy installation. Orem, UT Tel: (800) 821-5216. URL: http://www.ftknox.com
Homeland Security Safe—For cheaper, less-beefy alternatives ($2,000) for a vault door get the “Economy” or “Elite” vault doors from this manufacturer. http://www.homelandsafes.com
AMSEC—Lightweight vault door. Model VD8030 ($4,500). Rough-in opening: 77-1/2” H x 26-1/2”W Weight: 550 lbs. American Security Products Co. Fontana, CA http://www.amsecusa.com/product/vd8030nfis/
SWINGING SHELFS—CS Hardware has complete kits for concealed doors disguised as shelves. Competitive prices. Tel: (800) 882-0009. URL http://www.cshardware.com/hidden-door/invisidoor.html
Electric Door Strikes—a variety of models available from www.grainger.com
Bronze Pivot Bearings—For building concealed pivoting cabinet (about $3 for a set of two). All major cities have bearing specialty shops. Ask for oil-impregnated brass or bronze bushings.
Medeco—Has special pins and key that rotates the lock tumbler pins to prevent picking. URL: www.medeco.com (Available at locksmiths everywhere).
Assa 6000—Pick-proof, double-keyed, drill resistant dead bolt (at locksmiths nationwide).
Liberty Safe Co.—Builds many safes including gun safes and vault doors for home installation (also builds National and Remington brand safes). See contact info above.
Fort Knox Safe Co.—Gun safes and vault doors. Owned by Liberty Safe. See above.
Floor Safes—Hayman Safes (wall and floor) www.haymansafe.com,
ALL SEASON ROLLING SHUTTERS—These people have the best product on the market now. URL: http://www.allseasonshutters.com/
Roll-A-Way—Full line of hurricane shutters, including rolling or accordion shutters in Aluminum, PVC, or clear Lexan. Itasca, Il http://www.roll-a-way.com
Rolsafe—Hurricane protection. Fort Myers, FL http://www.rolsafe.com
Rolladen—Top of the line, most expensive system, aluminum, PVC rolling shutters. Rolladen also produces working colonial security shutters. URL: http://www.rolladen.com
ELK SECURITY SYSTEMS—Full line of security systems with camera and internet integration. The ELK system can handle any level of residential complexity. http://www.elkproducts.com/
LIVE WATCH --- A Self-install systems that is preconfigured to your home layout and you install and plug into existing outlets. Available with wireless or hardwired connections. URL: https://www.livewatch.com/how-it-works
HONEYWELL—User friendly, full line of security and home automation equipment including some of the best voice prompting technology (voice tells you where intrusion is). It also has numerous control features included which allow you to control lights and equipment automatically. URL: http://homesecurity.honeywell.com/
SECURITY BASE—This website has many security components from security and spy cameras to stun guns. URL: www.securitybase.com
RING Wi-Fi Enabled VIDEO DOORBELL: The top rated video door bell with motion detection and high resolution that lets you see who is at the door on you cell phone. Most also order a wi-fi activated chime that plugs into an outlet so you can hear it if you phone isn’t on. I prefer a wireless system that also has a monitor in the house for viewing, two way talk, and the ability to record who came to the door.
PANASONIC Wireless Video Intercom VL-SVN511 has everything: cell phone connection, picture recording, wi fi connection, email send, voice changer, night vision, and electric door release. –about $650. I found it on Ebay.com
HIDDEN VIDEO CAMERAS - Security Base (see above) has the widest selection of covert video cameras.
MICROWAVE FENCE AND PERIMETER DETECTION—Southwest Microwave’s Intrepid system uses coax cable and sensors to detect any vibration (3 yards accuracy) on fence from climbing. Their Micronet system is even more accurate and displays intrusions onto a computer screen with a map of your property layout. 9055 South McKemy Street, Tempe, AZ 85284. Tel: (480) 783-0201. URL: http://www.southwestmicrowave.com
SURVEILLANCE AND ANTI-SURVELLANCE EQUIPMENT—Electromax International has a full range of high-tech equipment available for surveillance and counter-surveillance. 11140 Westheimer, #276, Houston, Texas 77042. Tel: (281) 531-7437. URL: http://www.electromax.com/indexreg.html
PERMIMETER FENCE PROTECTION CIAS, ITALY WWW.cias.it/us
SIOUX MEMS: innovative system developed by CIAS in
collaboration with Milan Politecnico University and based on MEMS technology;
thanks to a small chip –the same we can find on any smartphone- all
accelerations provoked by any climbing, cut, or sensor displacement attempts,
as well as fence lifting and leaning of a ladder against it and so on, are
translated into alarm signal. Every and each sensor can be individually set,
thus suiting for application both on rigid and on mesh fences, with no need of
previously separating different segments of fence before installation.
• Innovative accelerometer MEMS sensor, auto-addressing
• 700mt coverage and zones from 35mt
• Precision of detection of 1 meter via IP – through SDK
• Easy installation by placing sensors every 5m regardless their positioning on panels
• Covering up to 6m in height with only one line of sensors
• Inclinometer system for tamper detection
• 700m covering by each control unit: IP & PoE and with 20 relay output
• Operating temperature between -40/+70°C
• 10-years events memory
• 6-years warranty against manufacturing default
APACHE FIBER: system based on opto-phonic technology and
interferometer measurement, that is to say it measures the difference in light
emitted by a laser and in the signal received back. Vibrations, received by the
optic fibers installed on a fence, redirect the light reflected inside the
fiber so that it returns different than it was originally transmitted. Such a
signal of light is transformed into an electrical signal , which the DSP
on-board will analyze, filter and provide to an alarm relay for signaling any
attempt of climbing and cut of the fiber itself or of the fence.
• System providing single or double zone up to 2000m
• Zones from 500mt
• Suitable for any kind of fence: both rigid and weld-mesh
• Possibility of configuration in loop or daisy-chain
• Easy to install, with UV-resistant ties
• Possibility of set up via software or through on-board rotary switches
• Connectable to any kind of anti-intrusion control panel
• Operating temperature between -40/+70°C
• 3-years warranty for the analyzer and 10-years on the fiber cable
BLACKFEET CABLE system based on magneto-phonic technology,
that is to say a cable with 2 magnetized plastic sheats hosting inside 2 wires
free to move; vibrations detected by the cable installed on the fence are
translated into an electric signal; which is duly filtered and digitalized by
the board in the control unit, and which provides one relay of alarm for
climbing and cut attempts of the cable itself or of the fence.
• System in kits of 50/100/150/200/300m
• Zones from 300m
• Suitable for any kind of fence: both rigid and weld-mesh
• Suitable for wall application anti-breakthrough
• Easy to install, with UV-resistant ties
• Easy to adjust through switches – no software
• Connectable to any kind of anti-intrusion control panel
• Operating temperature between -40/+70°C
• 15-years warranty on the sensor cable
• Accessories compatible to other systems based on the same technology
We remind that for all fence systems data collection can be made
through IB SYSTEM IP (or traditional RACK).
All solutions can be integrated to Cias Supervisor system with graphic maps also via IP and RS485, or to any third party’s system via SDK. (NB. Blackfeet only via I/O input).
Cias perimeter systems “talk” to each other to satisfy different levels of site protection and to provide one unique point of reference for any needs of outdoor security protection.
DRIVEWAY MONITORS - DWA-3 Suitable for burying beside driveway - so you won't have to dig up asphalt or concrete drive. ($200) URL: www.drivewayalarms.com
STRESS FLOOR DETECTORS—Stress sensors detect walking on flooring, roofs, decks or on boats for marine security by Sure Action. URL: www.sureaction.com
GPS VEHICLE LOCATORS - To protect against auto theft or carjacking and kidnapping in your own vehicle. Small transmitter is hidden in vehicle which allows a GPS signal to alert a North American tracking company of the vehicle location.
AERTRAX VEHICLE LOCATOR—Address: AerComTec International, 1359 Silver Bluff Rd., Suite G-5, Aiken, South Carolina 29803 Tel: (803) 649-2900. Available from many sites online: Sample: http://www.spysupplystore.com/aertrax.html
ROOM FOGGER—Smoke Cloak fogs the room in seconds with a dense, non-toxic glycerin-based fog that dissipates with no residue. This is an excellent passive defense against mobs or vandals entering the home. Smokecloak Ltd., 10 Cochran Close, Crownhill, Milton Keynes, MK8 0AJ, ENGLAND Tel: 44 (0) 1908 567007 URL: www.smokecloak.com Other options: FLASHFOG www.flashfogsecurity.com; Tel: (888) 282-7740.
For mini shelters that don’t have room for a full kitchen counter, Delux Camping makes a small 5 gallow bucket sink and countertop with integral hand pump to bring water up to a mini-facet with a foot pump connected to a bucket of clean water.
Delux Camping company puts out a neat portable pump with a plastic hose and shower nozzle, with a manual on/off switch. This is ideal for small shelters with a small toilet room with a floor drain. Simply line the walls with waterproof material and shower by filling the 2 gallon pump with warm water, and use the shower wand as needed to rinse off. Delux Camping Shower pump
Dome Lights—we like the round 18 LED surface mounted lights with built-in switch (12 volt). Available at most boat and RV suppliers such as this one http://www.iboats.com/ Not cheap at $34 each but good light if you shelter is on 12 volts.
Thinlite Corp.— 12 volt fluorescent lights (vertical mount on wall) have the most lumens-per-dollar: 36” long (item #197) or the 48” long unit (item #139) are practical. For 24 volt systems use model numbers #297 or #239, respectively for same cost (about $65). Available via Abraham Solar or RV supply stores such as http://www.pplmotorhomes.com and http://www.solarseller.com
For Tunnels you can use LED rope lights or white Christmas lights to string along the length of the tunnel. It gives a nice soft light and no interference with low headroom.
Oldcastle Precast—Custom pre-cast waterproof concrete tanks. These can be modified and even combined to make economical sealed, drop-in-the-ground shelter systems. They have local manufacturers in several states. Oldcastle Products, Auburn, WA. www.oldcastleprecast.com
Culvert Pipes—8 foot diameter steel culvert pipes can be used for an economical underground fallout shelter. Bury at least 5 feet underground. About $10k for the basic structure.
Utah Shelter Systems—Galvanized metal pipe system buried deep. Comprehensive shelter units, built to suit. Uses the Swiss Andair (LUWA) NBC filters (See notes on this under Air Filtration). P.O. Box 638,-Heber, Ut 84032. Tel: (801) 942-5638. URL: http://utahsheltersystems.com
Storm Chaser Shelters—Small shelters for storms. 1200 Lawson Road, Fort Worth, TX 76131 Tel: (817) 847-9000. URL: http://www.stormandtornado.com
Homeland Civil Defense—Civil Defense and nuclear preparation info including do-it-yourself plans for tank type shelters. 2251 Dick George Road, Cave Junction, Oregon 97523. Tel: (541) 592-4142. URL: http://homelandcivildefense.org
Safecastle—Lots of options with these shelters. Fairly expensive. URL: http://www.safecastle.com
Survival Center—Submarine-style buried tanks. Note: the air filter should be outside the shelter. http://www.survivalcenter.com/UG.html
American Bomb Shelter—Do-it-yourself kit or individual parts. URL: http://www.americanbombshelter.com
Radius—Pre-manufactured and installed shelters. Sleek but expensive. URL: http://www.bomb-shelter.net/individual_shelter_systems.php
Soundproofing101—This website has reasonable ideas for soundproofing and links for materials and windows. URL: http://www.soundproofing101.com
Soundproofing materials—This seller has glue that can be laid down between two layers of sheetrock for good sound attenuation. URL: http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/
A plastic layer laminated between two panes of glass provides excellent soundproofing and reinforces the glass. They are sold here: http://www.soundproofwindows.com
Insul-Tek—A self-adhesive, automotive-type soundproofing with O.E.M. Sound Deadener. This is a very compact, effective material. Call Juliano’s to order. Orders: (800) 300-1932. Technical Assistance: (860) 872-1932. URL: http://www.julianos.com/insultek.html
Sonex foam—Sound damping finger foam, ideal for shooting ranges. Fairly expensive at $5 per sq. ft. Acoustical Solutions Inc, 2420 Grenoble Road, Richmond, VA 23294. Tel: (612) 521-3555. URL: http://www.sonexfoam.com
Rockwool Insulation—Better sound absorbing qualities than fiberglass. Roxul is a typical brand name. Available at some home improvement stores, including Lowe’s (www.lowes.com).
REGENCY/HAMPTON WOOD STOVES—Reliable and cheap dual-burn steel stoves with efficiency ratings over 75%. The convection heating of air gaps around this stove make the blower option particularly effective. The large F3100 model (80,000 BTU) can easily heat over 2000 square feet. Cost is about $2000. Regency/Hampton products are sold at most local shops. Specific dealers can be found on their website. URL: https://www.regency-fire.com
WOODSTOCK SOAPSTONE STOVES—Radiant heat stoves are more expensive but very efficient. Dual burn and catalytic burn systems combined with unique air distribution results in up to 81% efficiency. The large “Progress Hybrid” stove is rated for 80,000 BTUs and goes for $3200. 66 Airpark Road, West Lebanon, NH 03784. Tel: (800) 866-4344. URL: http://www.woodstove.com
VOGELZANG WOOD STOVES—Middle to lower cost wood stoves with decent ratings. Good stoves for the price. Parts and assembly may need some tweaking, blowers may be loud. TR009 “Performer” is rated to heat up to 2,000 sq. ft. for $1,200. Smaller TR002 “Shiloh” $1,050 rated for up to 1,200 sq. ft. Available from many distributors and online.
PLEASANT HEARTH STOVES—Moderately priced stoves with good reviews. The 2,200 sq. ft. stove is the cheapest Made in the U.S.A. ($1,000) and has better quality than other stoves in this price range.
US STOVE—Although some products work many reviewers have found the customer service very poor and many of the materials cheap or defective (steel cracking). Look first at the product lines listed above.
PORTABLE WOOD STOVE—The TMS Portable Military Camp Stove and Tent Heater is useful if you don’t have a fireplace but still want to heat and cook with wood in an emergency. Essentially a burn barrel turned on its side it only weighs 38 lbs and comes with plenty of welded additions to make it worth the $60 cost. Legs, stove pipe and accessories store inside for a convenient package in a garage or with camping gear. Downside: this is cheap and the paint isn’t high temperature paint. Burn it off outdoors and spray with high temperature BBQ paint. Also be prepared to seal gaps with wood stove gasket and sealer.
BARREL STOVE KITS—Convert a 30 or 50 gallon metal barrel into a stove using metal cutting tools and a kit with a door, flue and legs for the horizontal barrel. The kits are all cheap and made in China, so fit and finish problems are common. But it does give you heat. Extract more heat from your fire by mounting a second barrel on top with another kit. The paint on the barrels burns off, so prepare to refinish them with high temperature spray paint. Flue pipe not included. Kits are available at Amazon.com and many home improvement stores.
FLUE HEAT RECLAIMER—The Miracle Heat Reclaimer is a pipe-mounted fan and heat exchanger that captures some of the heat escaping up your chimney and uses it to heat more air in the room. Thermostat control keeps enough heat going up the chimney to maintain a good draft and keep excess creosote from forming. $100. Available at Amazon, several online outlets and home improvement stores or direct from the mfr., US Stove. URL: http://www.usstove.com
GAS FIREPLACES—Look for “heater rated” units rather than just decorative gas fireplaces. Heater rated gas fireplaces can be more efficient than a gas furnace (although they won’t move the heat to other rooms of the house as well). Get the firebox and flue that is built for wood burning so in a crisis you have the option of converting to wood heat (by remove the fake logs and gas pipe).
ROCKET MASS STOVES—Build your own very efficient stove that uses inexpensive materials and burns one-tenth the wood of typical fireplaces. Information and plans are passed around freely on forums such as www.permies.com but the most information and details are in the book Rocket Mass Heaters by Ianto Evans and Leslie Jackson. Order from their website (www.rocketstoves.com) or pay less for the e-book. For an easier time consider the kits and parts from Dragon Heaters: Tel: (281) 292-2177. URL: http://www.dragonheaters.com
Kerosun DC 100—Most fuel efficient Kerosene heater and with the cleanest burn. No longer imported but available second-hand. MSI Wicks sells wicks and parts and has a few of these and other stoves. A wick should last a few seasons depending on Kerosene quality. Stock up on a few extras. Tel: (765) 584-2041 or (888) 537-6786. URL: http://www.msiwix.com
Blueflame by ProCom—One of the last ventless heaters on the US market. Fortunately it comes as a dual fuel unit. Also look for the infrared units which are still available at some sellers. Sold by Northern Tool, Harbor Freight, Grainger and many heater wholesalers. we still recommend Vanguard and Martin Industries propane and natural gas radiant heaters for their efficiency and warmth, but apparently they aren’t being produced anymore. Still available at some wholesalers and second-hand stores.
expedition 3x—Camp Chef made this excellent three burner stove with wind block and custom large cast iron griddle. Keep one with several containers of propane gas available for emergency cooking. Available from Camp Chef ($250) URL: http://www.campchef.com/expedition-3x-three-burner-stove.html or used and new at Amazon.
PORTABLE STOVE AND OVEN—Camp Chef has a 3 burner stove combined with a small oven for camping off of a propane tank ($250). URL: http://www.campchef.com/deluxe-outdoor-oven.html but it is cheaper at Amazon.
Kerosene Stoves—Useful so you don’t have to store multiple kinds of fuel. Many don’t burn as hot as propane but reliable. Buy extra wicks when ordering these. More information and sold by Miles Stair (http://www.milesstair.com) and from St. Paul Mercantile (http://www.stpaulmercantile.com).
Aladdin—Has the most complete line of kerosene heaters and stoves. And their lamps are the brightest kerosene lamps available. But they are pricey and burn more fuel than other brands. Handle with care as they get hot. See the Aladdin website (http://www.aladdinlamps.com) or buy from online distributors such as Lehman’s (http://non-electric.lehmans.com).
Alpaca—Great stove if you need something stronger and simpler than a backpacking stove. Very sturdy and will take as large a pot as you care to put on it (about $79). Extremely simple, reliable design, with a minimum of moving parts to wear out. Fuel tank holds 0.9 gallons and has a fuel level gauge. Runs for 16 hours on a filling. Output 8,500 BTU; weight 13 lbs; size about 13” high x 13” diameter. Available from preparedness supply stores and old fashioned outlets like Lehman’s. There are many foreign models as well, since Europe and South America use kerosene extensively. Primus is perhaps the largest foreign model (available at outdoor enthusiast stores).
STUCCO—See “Construction: Stucco Systems.”
DUCT TAPE—Duck brand duct tape and Gorilla Tape are the best rated for their strong fabric base, good adhesive and quality backing. Look for a tight weave on the fabric and sticky adhesive that stays with the tape when removed. 3M (or “Scotch) has a wide weave fabric core but performs well overall. Lee Valley heavy duty duct tape is a premium grade (13 mil. thickness) duct tape for a very reasonable price. URL: http://www.leevalley.com
HEAVY DUTY DUCT TAPE—For situations where extra tension, strength and adhesion is needed or where surfaces are rough or dirty try the T-Rex tape from the Duck brand. Gorilla Tape is also rated well for tough conditions and rough surfaces due to its thicker adhesive coating but it can be expensive. Gorilla’s thicker adhesive is one of the best at resisting water.
HVAC TAPE—For true duct tape look for foil tape or aluminum tape rated for at least 200 deg. F. like the 2.7 mil tape from XFasten that is a thick aluminum foil tape adhesive backing.
UV-RESISTANT TAPE—The clear UV-resistant tape from Lee Valley is useful for patching holes in greenhouses. Standard Gorilla Tape has superior UV resistance, but look for “All Weather” in the Scotch (3M) and Duck brands. The Duck brand is usually cheapest.
GAFFER TAPE—Gaffer Power tape is a strong waterproof fabric tape with a synthetic rubber adhesive that won’t leave a residue. Consider this tape over duct tape for any application where you may want to remove the tape later such as taping plastic around windows, bookbinding, or securing cables temporarily. URL: http://www.gafferpower.com
MICROPORE SURGICAL TAPE—Duct tape can be used for many medical emergencies, but 3M Micropore Surgical Tape is much less painful to remove. It adheres to moist but not wet or oily skin. Tears easily into strips or squares.
SUPER STRONG DOUBLE SIDED TAPE---This version of “Speed Tape” by FastCap is very strong and durable. This double-sided tape works very well. Do not apply to surfaces you want to get apart later. Often used for securing laminate to countertops. Available at Amazon and directly from manufacturer. URL: http://www.fastcap.com
UCO Matches---The best modern brand. The “strike anywhere” wood kitchen matches light on more surfaces than other brands and the wood doesn’t break like the cheaper (but ubiquitous) Diamond brand matches. $20 for 3200 matches. Penley and Redbird aren’t as middle quality. Store all matches in waterproof containers.
Cardboard Matchbooks---The cheapest option for stockpiling a lot of matches for barter. These plain white matchbooks are only $5 for 1000 matches.
Bic BBQ Utility Lighters---Reliable long-nosed lighter that is ideal for lighting fires, candles, stoves, etc. $5/each but some available for $4. Not refillable.
Disposable lighters---Bic brand are reliable and when bought in bulk are less than $1 apiece. Off-brand lighters can be bought in packages of 100 for only $0.17 apiece. This is the cheapest fire lighters though not as versatile as BBQ lighters above. Keep matches on hand as backup.
Momentum Magazine has an excellent run-down on the categories and most common companies producing bikes like utility bikes, cycle trucks, longtails, box bikes, cargo tricycles, and even electric cargo bike options. Very informative.
SCHWINN DISCOVER HYBRID BIKE---This top-selling hybrid bike (in both men’s and woman’s configurations) is a decent practical bike with average-grade components for a very reasonable price ($275). Fenders are plastic but acceptable, rear gear carrier is sturdy, 21 gears are adequate for moderate hills. Aluminum frame is sturdy, but parts may break down under rough conditions or heavier riders. Lifetime warranty.
NORTHWOODS SPRINGDALE---This upright commuter bike has 21 speeds, Shimano parts, fenders and a rear gear carrier rack to handle even hilly towns or cities in comfort---and costs only $160. Too much wind drag for long distances and in need of lights, baskets, and kickstand.
RALEIGH MARS COMMUTING BIKE---This men’s bike has a vintage look with modern components including a 7-speed Shimano hub gear for minimal maintenance and only mild hills. Fenders and rear rack add practicality to this bike but many parts are of poor quality including the lights and pedals. $319.
VIVA JULIETT CLASSIC CITY CRUISER---This women’s city bike has an easy on-off thanks to the step-through configuration. Its upright position is comfortable for local rides around town or on mild hills thanks to a 7-speed hub gear. Integral dynamo hub powers front and tail lights for reliable lights without batteries. Components are sealed and durable to nearly eliminate maintenance, oiling or greasing. Higher end components brings the price to $1100. Not practical for long distances. Add a basket to the back for groceries.
GHOST SQUARE URBAN---This modern city bike is sleek enough to take on long rides and has top of the line components including hydraulic disk brakes for sturdy handling under all kinds of conditions. The 8 speed hub gear will handle moderate hills and the modern styling integrates fenders and rear rack seamlessly. At $1,400 at REI it comes with a lifetime warranty, but you will still need to outfit it with lights, and panniers or a collapsible basket to handle trips to the store.
KENDA TIRES---All-weather mountain bike “slick” tires (not knobby). These are durable and grippy with grooves to channel water away.
CONTINENTAL GATORSKIN TIRES---Sturdy, tough tires with a low profile to still perform well on road bikes.
SCHWALBE MARATHON PLUS TOUR TIRE---Puncture resistant tires for your road bike. These tires are nearly bulletproof against road debris and nails. These will save your precious inner tubes and last a long time.
NOKIAN HAKKEPLITTA SNOW AND ICE TIRES---If you live in an area where you might need to get around in the snow on plowed or icy streets consider these studded tires for your mountain bike or even hybrid/road bike. Highly rated for being grippy and keeping you up even on black ice. $55 per tire.
SCHMIDT’S ORIGINAL NABENDYNAMO---Made in Tübingen, Germany this hub is rated for tens of thousands of miles and produces little drag. It power 6V headlights and taillights (light combinations sold separately). You have to thread the spoke to connect this to your wheel. $250 to $300 at PeterWhiteCycles.com 24 Hall Rd., Hillsborough, NH 03244. Tel: (603) 478 0900
CASCADIA FENDERS---This set of metal fenders is sturdy and includes mud flaps for a very complete coverage against rain or mud ($53). A must if commuting by bicycle or converting a bike into a practical means of transportation in all weather.
UNIVERSAL BIKE RACK---This seat post mounted unit will install on nearly any bike and is rated up to 110 lbs. Also consider collapsible baskets, panniers (saddlebags), and even rear seats. For the front consider detachable baskets.
TOWING OTHERS---There are tow bar and tow rope options for helping less capable kids (or adults) along. The tow bar could be useful for those times when you need to bring an empty bike to someone waiting.
BIKE TRAILERS---There are many options out there from small units to extra-large cargo trailers but remember that bikes are inherently limited by the practicalities of pulling (and stopping) based on your weight and strength. The Aosome Wanderer is a good all-around option.
ElectricBikeReview.com has the best summary of the top-of-the-line electric bicycles including forums where other riders add input and share experience.
HIGH-END E-BIKE---The Kalkhoff Integrale S11 is expensive at $5,700 but you get a class 3 pedelec bike (which means it will assist you up to the maximum allowed e-bike speed of 28 mph) with a range of between 55 and 125 miles. 350W mid-drive motor, fenders and rack but no lights.
MID-ECONOMY E-BIKE---The Onway 7 speed is a nice city bike with lithium ion battery-powered motor. It comes with lights, fenders, kickstand and rack. The hub motor is only 250W so top speed is just 16mph for (at best) 40 miles. Still, marked down to $1099 from nearly $2K it is a good deal. Gears/motor not adequate for areas with big hills.
ECONOMY E-BIKE---The Vilano commuter bike has 7 speeds and a 250W hub motor with lights, fenders and Li-Ion battery. Only $800 but many components are cheap, including plastic pedals.
E-BIKE CONVERSION KIT---The e-RAD 500W Conversion kit is a fairly powerful motor that connects around the pedal bracket to make good use of existing gears even on hills. Fits many bikes. 16 lbs with battery. $850 to $1100 but battery is an additional $650 to $850.
BIKE LOCK---Protecting your bike will be extra important in hard times. A sturdy U-lock with cable through the front tire and any other part that can be removed is best. At 5lbs the 18mm NYC lock from Kryptonite is a big, heavy lock, but it holds up against anything except an angle grinder.
FOLDING ELECTRIC BIKE---If you commute in traffic or use a boat or RV this foldable bike is good option for getting around or getting out of traffic in an emergency. The Ancheer Power Plus is a folding mountain bike with lithium ion battery that weighs less than 10 lbs with lights and fenders. Cons: 250W motor is weak and range is limited.
CONVERGENCE TECH, INC.—Plans to Convert a Mountain Bike: $29 from Bill Gerosa, 12-6 Foxwood Drive, Pleasantville, NY 10570 Tel: 914-773-6749 URL: www.econvergence.net
ZAP POWER SYSTEM—Add-on package to motorize a mountain bike. Can still pedal with this system. ZAP SX Rear Range 15 miles with SX and 8 miles with DX. Has regenerative charging of battery while going downhill and pedaling. "Electric Cruiser" and mountain bike model can be purchased with the electric package. URL: http://www.zapworld.com
CHARGER BICYCLES—Electric bike designed from ground up with the latest innovative technology - multi option pedal assist system, dual chain, 20 mile range. http://www.electric-bikes.com/charger.htm
US PRO DRIVE—Here's a direct-drive adaptive system with a variable speed controller. The direct drive system mounts on the rear hub of most 26" bicycles and weighs 6 lbs. The battery shell locks. Most people change out the awkward thumb throttle to a twist grip type. Van Nuys, CA 91406 Tel: (818) 947-0366. URL: http://etxcur.accpaconline.com/izipbikepage.html
EV RIDER, INC.—Mostly electric powered wheeled carts, but also have a folding electric bike. 060 Commerce Boulevard, North, Sarasota, Florida 34243 Tel: (888) 743-3738 URL: http://www.evrider.com
ELECTROBIKE, INC.—Complete bike with 20 mile range: http://www.electrobike.com/html/pro_jazz.html
ELECTRO AUTOMOTIVE—This is the most economical way to get an electric vehicle. Convert a pickup or van to electric use with batteries and solar panels. Great when gas becomes unavailable, but maximum range is typically 40 miles. The most experienced one stop shop for all necessary items is in California: P.O. Box 1113, Felton CA 95018. URL: www.electroauto.com
UNDERGROUND HOMES—See “Construction: Underground Homes.”
Berkey—One of the few filters that also filters fluoride. Filter also removes chlorine and its byproducts like trihalomethanes (THM’s). Countertop unit is completely portable. Downside is the slow gravity filter. $250 to $350 depending on size. Many distributors including http://www.bigberkeywaterfilters.com. For a cheaper ($190) version of the same filter units look for the Doulton brand. Available at http://www.homestead-products.com
Pureflow 2000—will remove bacteria, Giardia, Cryptosporidium, chlorine, chlorine byproducts, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), trihalomethanes, pesticides, herbicides, tastes, odors and more but falls short of removing fluoride. Uses cleanable ceramic microfilters and a dense solid block of extruded activated carbon ($270). URL: www.millennialgoods.com
Aquasana—Uses high tech filters for longer life with low replacement price. Shower filters are also available. Best price is direct from source. URL: http://www.aquasana.com/catalog.cfm
Big Blue 20 INCH—Generic whole house water filter for a good price. UV sterilization is possible. Available from many sources including Amazon.com.
Aerobic KO7—Oxygen based water purifier with potassium base. Only buy the potassium based liquid with the “K” in the title. (Aerobic O7 is chlorine based). Approximately $16 from local and online health food stores.
Lifestraw—Portable water filter that filters pathogenic bacteria, particulates. About $20 each. Available from http://eartheasy.com/lifestraw
Watercones—Floating water distillers. These units convert non-potable water sources such as lakes and oceans into 1.5 liters of distilled water per day in strong sunlight through evaporation. URL: http://www.watercones.com
PUR/Katadyn—Solar and manual desalinators. Manual units are survivor 06 ($1,000) and Survivor 35 ($2,200). PowerSurvivor units are 40E, 80E and 160E ($3,600 to $5,200) and are all 12 volt operated. URL: http://www.katadyn.com and through outdoor recreation wholesalers
Sea Recovery—Marine desalinators for boats. Consider the Crystal Sea 12, 24 or 110 volt models. P.O. Box 5288, Carson, CA 90745. Tel: (800) 354-2000 or (310) 637-3400. URL: www.searecovery.com
Blue Spring—Large solar desalinator units. Requires significant solar array to run. Produces 80 to 1800 gallons per day (depending on unit). http://www.bluspr.com
For solar water heater section see “Solar: Water Heater”
THERMA-COIL—This U-shaped stainless steel pipe can be installed inside the firebox of almost any woodstove to heat water whenever the stove is lit ($130). Be sure to follow the instructions so there is a pressure relief valve in the system. 399 E. 7th Street, Chico, CA 95928. Tel: 530-743-0900. URL: http://www.therma-coil.com
HILKOIL—More U-shaped pipe coils to install in the firebox of your stove. This brand is slightly more expensive but has more sizes and options. Note: more coil length is not always better. Since these coils are right in the firebox they can cool the fire and make it smoke or burn less efficiently. Manufactured by Thermo-Bilt. 375 Altamont Avenue, Schenectady, New York 12303. Tel: (800) 807-7041. URL: http://www.hilkoil.com
Notes—There are several types of plastic water tanks on the market and all of them are preferable to steel in the small to usdium sizes. The white tanks are polypropylene, colored tanks are usually polyethylene and black tanks are ABS plastic. Fiberglass tanks are used for the larger reinforced tanks and are not suitable for stored drinking water due to chemical outgassing. we do not list individual suppliers here because these are obtained locally in every rural farm community in the country, including the entire East Coast. Check the Yellow Pages for “tanks” or “water tanks.”
Water Barrels—New 55 gallon polyethylene http://www.beprepared.com
Kolaps A Tank—Bladder type, collapsible tank that is useful for hauling water in a pickup, and for temporary storage. It will even act as a giant solar water heater. http://www.burchkolaps-a-tank.com
SOUTHWEST WINDPOWER—AIR 403 is the best small windcharger. Cost is about $550 for the new 400 watt machine. Installation is cheap and easy because this system is so small and portable. URL: http://www.windenergy.com/ Available through many solar outlets like Abraham Solar and http://www.etaengineering.com/page53.html
WHISPER CORP.—Excellent units from 600 watts to 4500 watts - cost all below $2.00 a watt. Widely available online including at: http://www.etaengineering.com/page49.html
AERMOTOR EQUIPMENT AND PARTS—Dean Bennett Supply keeps these and Fiasa windmills running. Toll Free: (800) 621-4291. http://www.deanbennett.com/
AMERICAN WINDMILLS—New, used and refurbished windmills and plans for towers. Tel: (530) 644-3008. URL: http://www.windmills.net/
AERMOTOR WINDMILLS—New units and parts. P.O. Box 5110, San Angelo, TX 76902 Tel: (800) 854-1656 URL: http://www.aermotorwindmill.com/
AIRLIFT WINDMILLS—New windmill lifts water as much as 315' using pumped air bubbles. No moving parts underground. Installs without a crane. 1540 Barton Rd #263, Redlands, CA 92373. Tel: (909) 446-1780 URL: http://www.airliftech.com/
UNILUX WINDOWS—Top quality and super-efficient triple pane European style "tilt and turn" windows. Comes with a top price, about $100 per sq. ft. Few other windows feel as solid or perform as well. Also comes with a safety package: 4 bolt locking and "highly tear-proof" safety glass. Website is in German (click on british flag icon for English). There are several distributors in the US. URL: http://unilux.de
CANADIAN WINDOWS—Ultra-efficient with good solar gain (for heating in winter). Prices are "only" $40 to $50 psf. These are the most common manufacturers: Accurate Dorwin (http://www.accuratedorwin.com), Duxton (http://www.duxtonwindows.com), Fibertec (http://www.fibertec.com), Inline Fiberglass (http://www.inlinefiberglass.com) or Thermotech (http://www.thermotechfiberglass.com).
US WINDOWS MANUFACTURERS—The Dept. of Energy maintains a website of high-efficiency (R-5) window manufacturers that offer storm windows. Although there are likely good windows outside this list, it also shows relative pricing. http://www.windowsvolumepurchase.org/
GILA FILMS have a full range of energy saving films to apply to windows. Available at most home improvement/hardware stores. Website: http://www.gilafilms.com
SHATTERGUARD—Unbreakable film backing to standard glass. Can be applied to existing windows. Makes windows bullet-proof to small caliber (.22) weapons and makes windows impenetrable to intruders. www.shattergard.com. You can also use this on car side and rear windows to keep thieves from breaking in, which is highly recommend. URL: http://www.shatterguard.com
WINDOW QUILTS - Quilted insulating curtains for solar windows. Rolling shutter type system that is easy to install. URL: http://www.1windowquilts.com/
SCAPEWELL—Premanufactured wells with cast-in steps by The Bilco Company. The Bilco Company, P.O. Box 1203, New Haven, Connecticut 06505 Tel: 203-934-6363, sales 800-854-9724. URL: www.bilco.com
WINDOW WELL SECURITY - The Improvement Network (www.windowwell.com ) markets a full range of lexan plastic window well covers for emergency escape and security against entry. Tel: (888) 934-6776.
ROTO FRANK—German made, high strength skylights. Available in the US at skylight distributors. URL: www.rotohardware.com/
ANDERSEN WINDOWS—Makes a triple laminate glass with polymer layers in between. These windows are intrusion-proof, and will not scratch like Shattergard film. This is the glass system they use on their high strength (hurricane-proof) skylites. You can order this glass in their regular window line as well. Cost is about 30% higher than standard glass/wood windows. Andersen Windows (available at window suppliers everywhere).
BARGE ALL-PURPOSE CONTACT CEMENT--- Keep your shoes working by repairing or re-treading them using this glue preferred by professional cobblers for years. Be sure to buy the old formula in the yellow and red cans. The new formula in the blue or green cans is much easier on your lungs but it doesn’t have as good of a bond. Only use it in well ventilated areas. Get some Barge thinner for clean up and in case the glue begins to dry out. You can still find quart cans of the cement for around $30 or gallon containers for $80.
Seed Saving and Sowing---By Carol Turner. This guide has excellent pictures and descriptions of the most common varieties of vegetables and some herbs and flowers. It is more practical in my opinion than the popular Seed to Seed although that volume is more complete.
The Encyclopedia of Country Living---by Carla Emery. This compilation of all the old-time knowledge needed to live and work a farm or homestead is a classic that has garnered quite a following. Carla Emery has condensed a mountain of information into a very readable book thanks to her frank and humorous writing style.